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Grammar detail: sentence ending particle の

sentence ending particle の - question or emphasis
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The particle の can be used at the end of a sentence as an informal alternative to か to indicate a question. の used in this way can follow a plain verb, an い adjective, or either a noun or a な adjective followed by な (i.e. as なの).
だれ
てがみ
手紙
いた

Who wrote the letter?
When の is used as a question marker in this way, it is pronounced with a rise in pitch. It can also be used without a rise in pitch to indicate a statement - often as a way of emphasizing the fact, or even stating it in a somewhat passive-aggressive way.
ここある
It's here!
いま
から

I'm leaving now.
の is also commonly used in feminine speech to indicate emphasis, roughly the equivalent of よ.
うん
やす
わる
までいい
Oh, just over the holidays.
It is usually easy to tell from context which of the forms is being used, but in a written sentence (especially on its own) it can be harder to tell the difference!
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Kanji used in this grammar

だれ who   
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シュ   hand   て    た-    
シ   かみ paper   
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ショ   か to write   
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コン   キン   いま now   
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コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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キュウ   やす to rest   やすまる to be rested   やすめる to suspend (use etc.)   
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シュウ   end   おわる to come to an end   おえる to bring to an end   
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