Components

Grammar detail: particle は

particle は - topic marker
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The particle は is known as the 'topic marker' in Japanese. It is placed immediately after the topic of a sentence.
これ
ほん
です
This is a book.
This is the simplest sentence pattern in Japanese (see X は Y です - X is Y). これ is a pronoun meaning 'this'. は indicates that これ is the topic of the sentence (in this case, the topic is also the grammatical subject).
ほん
(book) is the object of our sentence, and です is a verb meaning 'is'.
Important note: although hiragana は (ha) is used for this particle, it is actually pronounced 'wa'.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ホン   book   もと origin   
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