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Grammar detail: verb stem + ました

verb stem + ました - simple past
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The stem of a verb plus ました is known as the simple past form (or the polite past form). In normal polite conversation, the simple past would be used for the verb at the end of a sentence whenever the past form is required.
The Japanese simple past form is used for both the simple past in English (I came, I saw, I conquered etc), as well as the English present perfect (I have read, I have understood etc).
For example:
Dictionary formStemSimple past
かう buyかいかいました bought
いく goいきいきました went
みる seeみました saw
かばんかいました
I bought a bag.
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