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Grammar detail: verb plain past form

verb plain past form
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The plain past form of a verb is used for sentence-ending verbs in casual conversation, and whenever a past tense verb is used in a clause that forms part of a larger sentence in both casual and polite speech. (In polite speech, the simple past form is used.)
The Japanese past tense is used for two common English tenses - the English simple past (I came, I saw, I conquered etc), as well as the present perfect (I have read, I have understood etc).
The plain past is easy to form for ichidan verbs - just replace the る with た. For example:
べる (eat) ➜
べた ate
For godan verbs it's a little more complicated - the past ending depends on the consonant used in the plain form (the dictionary form) of the verb:
Plain formPlain past form
かくto writeかいた
およぐto swimおよいだ
まつto waitまった
しぬto dieしんだ
はなすto speakはなした
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Kanji used in this grammar

ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
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