Components

Grammar detail: verb plain past form

2
4
JLPT:
verb plain past form
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
The Japanese past tense is used for two common English tenses - the simple past (I came, I saw, I conquered etc), as well as the present perfect (I have read, I have understood etc).
The plain past is easy to form for ichidan verbs - just replace the る with た. For example:
べる (eat) ➜
べた ate
For godan verbs it's a little more complicated - the past ending depends on the consonant used in the plain form:
Plain form Plain past form
かく to write かいた
およぐ to swim およいだ
まつ to wait まった
しぬ to die しんだ
はなす to speak はなした
LOG IN to view flashcard data
See also:
  • verb stem + ました - simple past
  • verb plain form (also known as the dictionary form)
  • Key verb conjugations
  • Japanese verbs and verb conjugation

Kanji used in this grammar

ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.