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Grammar detail: 一方(いっぽう)で

一方(いっぽう)で - on the other hand
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verb A plain form
+
いっぽう
一方
+
verb B
means
I'm doing (verb A), but on the other hand I'm also doing / I might do (verb B)
.
かいちょう
会長
けいえい
経営
せっきょくてき
積極的
さんか
参加
する
いっぽう
一方
しゃかい
社会
かつどう
活動
ちから
そそ
いでいる

The chairman participates actively in management, but he is also active socially.
This construction can be used when the two options are both possible, or they really are alternative. The で is optional - when it is left out, it creates more of a 'pregnant pause' after the first alternative, conveying the idea that the two alternatives are really quite far apart.
かのじょ
彼女
はな
かた
あら
かもしれませんその
いっぽう
一方
せいかく
性格
あか
るくて
ひじょう
非常
やさ
しい
ひと
です
Her way of speaking may be rough, but on the other hand she has a bubbly personality and she is an incredibly kind person.
The first part of the construction can use a noun, in which case the pattern is
noun
+
である一方で
.
一方で can also be used to begin a sentence or clause, in which case the alternative is understood from the context.
その
しごと
仕事
あまり
おもしろ
面白
くなかった
その
いっぽう
一方
きゅうよ
給与
よかった
That job was not very interesting, but on the other hand it was well paid.
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Kanji used in this grammar

イチ   イツ   ひと    ひと- one   
ホウ   かた way, direction   
カイ   エ   あ to meet   
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チョウ   なが long   
ケイ   キョウ   へ to elapse   
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エイ   occupied   いとな to be occupied with, to carry on (a business)   
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セキ   つ to load, to heap up   つもる to be piled up   
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キョク   ゴク    extreme, end, pole   きわめる to carry to its end   きわまる to reach an extreme   きわまり extremity   
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テキ   まと target   
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サン   まい to visit, go, come   
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カ   くわえる to add to   くわわる to join, to be added to   
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シャ    company   やしろ Shinto shrine   
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カツ    activity, resuscitation   
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ドウ   うご to move, to stir   うごかす to shift, to move   
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リョク   リキ   ちから effort; power   
チュウ   そそ to pour   
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ヒ   かれ he   
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ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
ワ   はな to talk   はなし talking   
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コウ   あら violent, rough   あれる to be rough, stormy   あらす to lay waste   
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セイ   ショウ    sex, gender, nature, disposition   
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カク   コウ    status, rank   
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メイ   ミョウ   あかり light   あかるい bright   あかるむ to brighten   あからむ to become luminous (at dawn)   あきらか obvious   あかす to lay bare   あ to open   あける to empty   
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ヒ   mistake
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ジョウ   つね usual, normal   とこ- endless, unchanging   
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ユウ   すぐれる to excel   やさしい kind   
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ジン   ニン   ひと person   
シ   ジ   つかえる to attend to   
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ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
メン   おもて mask, features, surface   おも surface   つら face   
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ハク   しろ white   しろ    しら-    
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キュウ    supply   
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ヨ   あたえる to grant, give, bestow   
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