Kanshudo Component Builder
×
Draw a component:
Type a component or its name:
 
Choose from a list:
Change component list
×
By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
×
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
×
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!
Components

Grammar detail: 七 and 四

七 and 四 - how to read the kanji for seven and four
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
You are probably aware that in Japanese there are two ways to say the number 7 and the number 4. So when do we use しち or なな for 7 and when do we use よん or し for 4? Here is a guideline to help you navigate this.

Counting

しち is most often used for 7 when counting. Likewise し is typically used for 4 when counting. いち、に、さん、し、ご、ろく、しち, and so on. Please refer to the following list for patterns in numbers with 7 and 4 when counting.
7
じゅうしち
にじゅうしち
さんじゅうしち
and so on
Note that the common way to say is ななじゅうなな!
ななじゅう
ななひゃく
ななせん
ななまん
4
じゅうし
にじゅうし
さんじゅうし
よんじゅう
よんひゃく
よんせん
よんまん

Months and time

Months
しちがつ
しがつ
Time
しちじ
よじ
- never よんじ or しじ!!
ななふん
よんぷん
- never し!
In regards to months and times, you may encounter the use of なな and よん rather than しち or し. One reason for this is to avoid the chance of these words being mistaken for いち or for the possibility of し and しち being heard incorrectly, particularly when interactions take place over the phone and involve discussions about itineraries and schedules.

Other counters

Various counters are used for Japanese and when specifying the number of particular objects, なな and よん are more commonly used. Here are some common counters. You will encounter cases where しち or よん may be used for some of the counters listed below and others that are not included in these lists.
ななかい
ななかい
ななほん
ななまい
ななひき
ななつ
よんかい
よんかい
よんほん
よんまい
よんひき
よっつ
There is no single rule of thumb for determining when to use each way of expressing these numbers, but as you progress with your studies you will likely get a feel for which rolls off the tongue better. Eventually you will come to feel it is less complicated then it initially seems!
LOG IN to view flashcard data
See also:
  • Japanese numbers and counting
  • the character ヶ

Kanji used in this grammar

ジュウ   ジッ   と    とお ten   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
シチ   なな    なな    なの seven   
1
ニ   ふた    ふた two   
1
サン   み    みっ three   
1
ヒャク    hundred; 100   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
セン   1000; thousand   ち 1000   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
マン   バン    10,000   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
シ   four   よ    よ    よっ    よん    
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
ガツ   ゲツ   つき month; moon   
1
ジ   とき time, occasion   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
ブン   ブ   フン   わける to divide, to distinguish   わかる to understand   わかれる to be divided   わかつ to share, distribute   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
カイ   エ   まわ to revolve   まわ to make turn   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
カイ    floor   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
4
ホン   book   もと origin   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
マイ   sheet
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
4
ヒツ   ひき counter for animals   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
4
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×