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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
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The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
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  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
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Components

Grammar detail: Japanese numbers and counting

1
5
JLPT:
Japanese numbers and counting
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One to ten

1いち
2
3さん
4し/よん
5
6ろく
7しち/なな
8はち
9きゅう
10じゅう
  1. and 7 are slightly irregular: when used on their own, either the し or しち (which are the
    おんよ
    音読
    み) or the よん or なな (the
    くんよ
    訓読
    み) can be used. Above 10, however, the よん and なな are much more common.

Ten to ninety-nine

Past ten, Japanese is completely regular, so counting is as simple as putting the number of tens with the number of ones. So for example:
  • 57 = 五十七 (ごじゅうなな) = five tens + seven
  • 99 = 九十九 (きゅうじゅうきゅう) = nine tens + nine
  • 44 = 四十四 (よんじゅうよん) = four tens + four

One hundred to ten thousand

From 100 to 10000, Japanese largely mirrors English: the Japanese terms for 100 and 1000 are used and combined in the same way.
100ひゃく213 ➜ 二百十三 (にひゃくじゅうさん)
1000せん3406 ➜ 三千四百六 (さんぜんよんひゃくろく)

Above ten thousand

Unlike the Western system, which counts in multiples of a thousand, Japanese counts in multiples of 10,000, so numbers larger than 10,000 take a bit of thought to 'convert' from the Western system to Japanese.
10,000 = 10^4まん12000 ➜ 10000 + 2x1000 ➜ 一万二千 (いちまんにせん)
10,000 x 10,000 = 100,000,000 = 10^8おく105 million ➜ 1 x 100 million + 500 x 10,000 ➜ 一億五百万 (いちおくごひゃくまん)
10,000 x 10,000 x 10,000 = 1000,000,000,000 = 10^12ちょう1 trillion ➜ 1 million x 1 million ➜ 一兆 (いっちょう)

Generic counting

When you don't know a counter, or a counter is not readily suitable, the standard numbers can be turned into counters by using the following
くんよ
訓読
み:
1一つひとつ
2二つふたつ
3三つみっつ
4四つよっつ
5五ついつつ
6六つむっつ
7七つななつ
8八つやっつ
9九つここのつ

counters for objects and other things

For counting actual objects as opposed to just expressing a number, Japanese uses a unique system of 'counters', terms which are placed after the number and which partially describe the object being counted.
For example,
まい
is the counter for flat objects such as sheets of paper, so to say 'five sheets of paper' in Japanese, you would say
かみごまい
which literally means 'paper 5 flat objects'.
While this seems unusual at first, and is often touted as a difficult feature of Japanese, we are actually doing exactly the same thing in English (five sheets of paper), but English is much less regular than Japanese.
Dates and times use counters in the same way - see dates and time for details.
Japanese has many counters, and the most common ones are:
 
まいflat objects such as paper or books
ほんcylindrical or long objects such as bottles or chopsticks (note: this is a little confusing, since ほん means 'book' - it is not used to count books)
さつbooks
じんpeople
ひきsmall animals
かいnumber of times something happens
ふんminutes - see telling the time in Japanese
small round objects
/ヶかしょplaces
birds
さいyears old / age (note that '20 years old' is irregular: is not read にじゅっさい as you would expect, but instead はたち)
|さいyears old (note: this is commonly used, but not technically correct: is the correct counter)
じょうtatami mats (the typical way to measure the area of a room)
だいcars and machines
めいpeople (polite alternative to , used by businesses and restaurants etc.)
words
かこくごlanguages
かげつmonths
けんbuildings
つうletters, telegrams etc
ぎょうrows (in a document etc)
ばんplatforms (in a railway station etc)
かいfloors (in a building)
便びん(plane) flights
さつbanknotes
きゃくchairs, tables, legs (of chairs and tables etc)
こうitems (in a checklist); paragraphs
はくnights (eg of a stay in a hotel)
せいgenerations; monarchs (Elizabeth I etc)
とうlarge animals, cattle
かんvolumes (eg books); reels (eg film)
copies (eg of a publication)
きれpieces of sashimi (literally 'cuts')ひときれ、 ふたきれ、 みきれ、 よきれ、 ごきれ、 ろっきれ、 ななきれ、 はちきれ、 きゅうきれ、 じっきれ
ちゃくsuits of clothing
そくpairs of shoes etc.
わりtenths; lots of 10%
children
つぶpills, tablets etc
In Japanese, counters are known as
じょすうし
助数詞
.

Order

The order of objects can be expressed using the form:
number + counter + 目 (め)
For example:
  • 三つ目 (みっつめ) third (generic object)
  • 九人目 (きゅうにんめ) ninth person
  • 二回目 (にかいめ) second time
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Kanji used in this grammar

イチ   イツ   ひと    ひと- one   
1
ニ   ふた    ふた two   
1
サン   み    みっ three   
1
シ   four   よ    よ    よっ    よん    
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1
ゴ   いつ-    いつ five   
1
ロク   むっ six   む    むい    む    
1
シチ   なな    なな    なの seven   
1
ハチ   や    や    よう eight   
1
ク   キュウ   ここの nine   
1
ジュウ   ジッ   と    とお ten   
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1
オン   イン   sound   おと    ね    
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2
ドク   トク   トウ   よ to read   
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1
クン    teaching, precept; Japanese reading of a kanji   
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4
ヒャク    hundred; 100   
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1
セン   1000; thousand   ち 1000   
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1
マン   バン    10,000   
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1
オク    hundred million   
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4
チョウ   きざ sign, indication   きざ to show signs (of)   
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4
ボク   モク   eye   ま-    め    
2
ジン   ニン   ひと man   
1
カイ   エ   まわ to revolve   まわ to make turn   
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3
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