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Grammar detail: 上下

上下 - じょうげ/うえした and more
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上下 is a common word combining two extremely common kanji - 上 (up) and 下 (down).
The expected reading, using the most common on readings of the kanji, is the most common: じょうげ. This is used when referring to upper and lower parts or locations.
かれ
はた
じょうげ
上下
うご
かした

He moved the flags up and down.
じしん
地震
じめん
地面
じょうげ
上下
そして
よこ
れる

In an earthquake, the ground can shake up and down, or back and forth.
The second 'expected' reading, using the most common kun readings, is うえした. However this reading is not as commonly used. When used to mean 'upside down', it requires an auxiliary word such as
ぎゃく
to indicate the meaning.
うえした
上下
ぎゃく

It's upside down.
It is helpful to be familiar with the term
じょうげかんけい
上下関係
. This refers to heirarchical relationships; literally the upper and lower. It is important in the workplace, sporting teams and other such social environments to be aware that 上下関係 often determines the ways of interacting between people of varying ranks.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
カ   ゲ   した below, under   しも bottom part   もと under (influence)   さげる to lower, to reduce   さがる to be lowered   くだ to descend   くだ to judge   くださる to give   おろす to drop off (passenger)   おりる to get off (train)   
ギャク    reverse, converse   さからう to go against, to oppose   さか upside down   
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カン   せき barrier   かかわる to be connected   
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ケイ   in charge   かかり charge, duty   かか to relate to   
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ヒ   かれ he   
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キ   はた flag, banner   
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ドウ   うご to move, to stir   うごかす to shift, to move   
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チ   ジ    ground   
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シン   ふる    ふるえる to tremble, to shake   
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メン   おもて mask, features, surface   おも surface   つら face   
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オウ   よこ side   
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ヨウ   ゆ    ゆする    ゆさぶる    ゆすぶる to shake (something)   ゆれる    ゆるぐ to tremble, to shake   ゆらぐ to be (emotionally) shaken   
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