Components

Grammar detail: 上下

上下 - じょうげ/うえした and more
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
is a common word combining two extremely common kanji - (up) and (down).
The expected reading, using the most common on readings of the kanji, is the most common: じょうげ. This is used when referring to upper and lower parts or locations.
かれ
はた
じょうげ
上下
うご
かした

He moved the flags up and down.
じしん
地震
じめん
地面
じょうげ
上下
そして
よこ
れる

In an earthquake, the ground can shake up and down, or back and forth.
The second 'expected' reading, using the most common kun readings, is うえした. However this reading is not as commonly used. When used to mean 'upside down', it requires an auxiliary word such as
ぎゃく
to indicate the meaning.
うえした
上下
ぎゃく

It's upside down.
It is helpful to be familiar with the term
じょうげかんけい
. This refers to heirarchical relationships; literally the upper and lower. It is important in the workplace, sporting teams and other such social environments to be aware that often determines the ways of interacting between people of varying ranks.
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
1
カ   ゲ   した below, under   しも bottom part   もと under (influence)   さげる to lower, to reduce   さがる to be lowered   くだ to descend   くだ to judge   くださる to give   おろす to drop off (passenger)   おりる to get off (train)   
1
ギャク    reverse, converse   さからう to go against, to oppose   さか upside down   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
4
カン   せき barrier   かかわる to be connected   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ケイ   in charge   かかり charge, duty   かか to relate to   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ヒ   かれ he   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
キ   はた flag, banner   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
ドウ   うご to move, to stir   うごかす to shift, to move   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
チ   ジ    ground   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
シン   ふる    ふるえる to tremble, to shake   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
4
メン   おもて mask, features, surface   おも surface   つら face   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
オウ   よこ side   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
ヨウ   ゆ    ゆする    ゆさぶる    ゆすぶる to shake (something)   ゆれる    ゆるぐ to tremble, to shake   ゆらぐ to be (emotionally) shaken   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
5
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.