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Grammar detail: 間(あいだ)/ 間に(あいだに)

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JLPT:
間(あいだ)/ 間に(あいだに) - during
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phrase 1
+
あいだ
+
に (optional, but usual)
+
phrase 2
indicates that phrase 2 happened while phrase 1 was happening.
The first phrase can take various forms, for example:
  • noun + の - for example:
    えいが
    during the movie
  • verb て form + いる - for example:
    しょくじ
    つく
    っている while I was making dinner
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    Kanji used in this grammar

    カン   ケン   あいだ interval, between   ま space, room   
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    1
    エイ   はえる to shine   うつ to be reflected   うつ to reflect, project   
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    2
    ガ   カク   draw
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    2
    ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
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    1
    ジ   ズ   こと thing; matter   
    2
    サク   サ   つく to make   
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    2
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