Kanshudo Component Builder
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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.

For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!

Grammar detail: Japanese greetings

Japanese greetings
466 words
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Japanese has many ways for people to greet each other. Often several alternatives will work for a situation, but certain phrases have more specific uses.

Saying hello

When seeing a person for the first time in a day, the most common greeting depends on the time of day:
おはようございますGood morning (the less formal version is just おはよう)
こんにちはGood day (note: the は is pronounced 'wa', as with the particle)
こんばんはGood evening
Although each of these greetings could be translated as the English 'hello' (which could be used any number of times a day with the same person), in Japanese you would typically not use the same greeting twice. On seeing somebody again, you could say 'またこんにちは', or more commonly 'どうも'.
Other common greetings on bumping into people include:
long time no see (on seeing a person for the first time in a while)
how are you?

Meeting people

On meeting a person for the very first time, the standard greeting is はじめまして (pleased to meet you). This is typically followed by some form of どうぞよろしくお
いします, which literally means something like 'please be kind to me', but is used as a set phrase. よろしくお
いします comes from よろしく, the adverbial form of よろしい (good), plus ねがう (to entreat).
いします is a flexible phrase with many variations:
  • It can be made less formal by omitting the どうぞ (to make よろしくお
    いします), or the お
    いします (to make どうぞよろしく), or even very informally by omitting both (to make just よろしく).
  • It can be made more formal by using the polite form of する, いたす, to make どうぞよろしくお
  • For the absolute politest version of all (addressing somebody extremely senior, or in front of a large group), the humble form can be used: どうぞ、よろしくお

Saying goodbye

さようならgoodbye (with a hint of finality)
said when leaving first (literally 'I'm being rude by leaving ahead of you')
please go ahead
said to a person leaving or finishing some task (literally 'you must be tired')
じゃ(また)see you
see you tomorrow
good night

Going out and coming back

Japanese also has a number of set expressions used when leaving (eg an office or a house) or returning.
いってきますI'll be back (literally 'I go, and come')
いってらっしゃいcome back soon (the standard response to いってきます)
please take care (might be said if the person is going somewhere that requires it)
ただいまI'm back
おかえりなさいwelcome back
すみませんexcuse me (used as way to excuse oneself from a situation, such as a meeting). Informally, this is commonly pronounced すいません

Weather related expressions

nice weather, isn't it?
あついですねit's hot, isn't it?
さむいですねit's cold, isn't it?

Other useful greetings

please don't mention it
please come in
どうぞおかけくださいplease sit down
どうぞおすわりくださいplease sit down
がんばってくださいdo your best! good luck!
おっすhello (extremely informal)
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Kanji used in this grammar

ク   キュウ   ひさしい a long time   
ゲン   ガン   origin; original   もと origin   
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キ   ケ    spirit   
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ガン   ねが to request, to petition   
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チ   いた to do   
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シン   もう to say   
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ジョウ   ショウ   うえ above   うわ- above   あげる to raise   あがる to rise   かみ first half, upper part   のぼ to climb   のぼせる to bring up, to raise   のぼ to bring up   
セン   さき ahead   
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シツ   うしな to lose   
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ライ   レイ    thanks, salutation   
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ヒ   fatigue   つかれる to be tired   
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ヨウ   さま Mr / Mrs   
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メイ   ミョウ   あかり light   あかるい bright   あかるむ to brighten   あからむ to become luminous (at dawn)   あきらか obvious   あかす to lay bare   あ to open   あける to empty   
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ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
キュウ   やす to rest   やすまる to be rested   やすめる to suspend (use etc.)   
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テン   あめ    あま- heaven   
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ニュウ   い to enter   はい to enter   いれる to put in   
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