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INFLECTIONS

Understanding Inflections and Conjugations

Inflection bf2064e05e0fdec27488d0d66faede118145929caaed7674eb48d8c7a5f56b6b
Kanshudo's tools for understanding and learning inflections and conjugations
Kanshudo includes several sophisticated tools for teaching you how to understand and use inflections and verb conjugations.See below to get started!
Tip: look for the inflections icon   - anywhere you see it, there will be a link to click for more detail.
1. How to view inflections / conjugations of a word
Anywhere you see a word summary bar in Kanshudo (with the word in a green box, and the meaning next to it), click on the word (the green box) for more details. In the quick summary view that appears, you'll see a link called INFLECTIONS. Clicking that will show you a table with the most common inflections of that word, and at the bottom of the table will be another link called ALL INFLECTIONS, which will take you to a page with more detail.
Try it now with this word:
1. study
2. diligence
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning)
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TEST
2. How to understand a word you know is inflected
One of the hardest challenges in Japanese is understanding how a word is formed by combining several inflections. Kanshudo provides several ways to help you do this.
  • Just search for the inflected word in Word Search. Word Search will 'deinflect' words it thinks might be inflected, and will give you possible roots.
  • Search for the word in Example Search. Example Search will look for sentences which contain your inflected word exactly, and the example sentences provide detail on how inflections are put together.
For example, consider this sentence:
れてきてもらえて
うれしいです。
Thanks for bringing me here.
The details page (which you can reach by clicking the DETAILS link) shows how the complex word 連れてきてもらえて actually combines four different forms like this:
Each form used is linked to an article in the Grammar Library so you can learn how it works in detail.
 
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Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.