Your Kanji Mastery Score and Personalized Kanji Wheel

How to use the Kanji Wheel to guide your Japanese studies

The Kanshudo Kanji Wheel visually illustrates your entire knowledge of Japanese kanji, and provides you with intelligent study recommendations based on your progress. It is the most effective intelligent learning system available for visualizing your Japanese knowledge and guiding your Japanese studies.
Visit your personalized wheel any time by clicking the symbol at the top right of any page.
1. The seven rings of the Kanji Wheel
The Kanji Wheel enables you to visualize your entire knowledge of Japanese kanji in one place. The wheel consists of seven rings, each of which represents a different set of Japanese characters.
The center of the wheel, ring 1, represents hiragana and katakana.
Rings 2-6 correspond to the Jōyō Kanji - the set of 2136 'daily use' kanji defined by the Japanese government and taught in Japanese schools. This is the set that is required for the JLPT exams - rings 2 to 6 correspond directly to levels N5 - N1 respectively of the JLPT (note that in the JLPT, N5 is the easiest level).
Ring 7, the outer ring, represents 'everything else'. Kanshudo tracks your progress with up to 1726 kanji in this ring, including all 862 Jinmeiyō kanji (used for names).
Ring Contents Characters
1 Hiragana + katakana 138
2 Basics: JLPT N5 80
3 Essentials: JLPT N4 170
4 Progress: JLPT N3 370
5 Intermediate: JLPT N2 380
6 Advanced: JLPT N1 1136
7 Expert: Beyond the Jōyō 1726
  Total 4000
For a quick view of all kanji in ring, you can use the links from the kanji wheel. For quick reference guides to hiragana and katakana, the Jōyō kanji, the Jinmeiyō kanji etc, see our Collections.
2. Kanji mastery levels
Every time you interact with Kanshudo, Kanshudo assesses your knowledge of the kanji you encounter, and assigns a level from 0 (no knowledge at all) to 4 (complete mastery). Each ring in the Kanji Wheel shows you how many kanji are at each level. The levels are color-coded, so you can see at a glance how you are doing with a ring. Your goal is to reach level 4 mastery of all kanji in all rings!
Color coding
When a ring is not highlighted, the colors represent your mastery levels as follows:
 Level 0   1   2   3   Level 4 
When you click a ring or a sector, the colors change to highlight your selection:
 Level 0   1   2   3   Level 4 
How Kanshudo sets your mastery level for a kanji
Kanshudo assigns levels automatically based on your interactions with the system. Levels can be affected by almost any interaction, including Challenges, games, quizzes, favorites, lessons and flashcards. For example:
  • Matching a kanji correctly first time in the Quiz or Kanji Match will set your level to 2 if you have not encountered that kanji on Kanshudo before. However, if your level for that kanji is already higher than 2, it will not be affected.
  • Studying a flashcard will affect your level in various ways. If you study the card at least once, you'll get a level of 1. If you study it multiple times, you'll get 2. If you mark it as 'learned' (by clicking 'Only just' or 'Easy' when you study the card), that will set your level for that kanji to 3. To get a 4, you need to study and review the card enough times that your study interval* reaches 6 months or more. This is true mastery of a kanji!
  • When you complete a Quiz, Kanshudo will 'infer' a knowledge level for some kanji based on how far you got in the Quiz. The Quiz is based on kanji frequency, so a score of 1000 implies you have at least passing knowledge of most kanji with a frequency up to 1000. So even though you may only have answered 20-30 questions, Kanshudo will set mastery levels for other kanji with frequencies lower than your end point in the Quiz.
* For more detail on study intervals, read how the spaced repetition algorithm works in How to use spaced repetition flashcards to study Japanese.
Checking your mastery level for a kanji
You can see your mastery level for a kanji in the details page for any kanji. For example, see .
3. Kanji mastery score
Your Kanji Mastery score is a number from 0-100 which summarizes your progress across all kanji. Each ring, each level within that ring, and each kanji within that level, contributes to the total. As you study, your Kanji Mastery score will rise steadily. You can directly visualize your progress along the road to Kanji Mastery!
Level 4 mastery of all kanji in all rings will give you a kanji mastery score of 100. Each ring contributes to your mastery score as follows:
Ring Max points
1 10
2 20
3 20
4 15
5 15
6 15
7 5
4. Intelligent study recommendations
Based on your personalized Kanji Wheel, Kanshudo makes intelligent study recommendations as you progress. Check your wheel often to see your progress and guide your Japanese studies!
5. View and study kanji directly from the Kanji Wheel
One of the most useful features of the Kanji Wheel is that you can immediately see which kanji you know at which mastery level. When you click on any sector or ring, the study panel to the right of the wheel displays a color-coded summary of the kanji in that sector, or every sector in a ring. Next to each sector summary you will see two links, VIEW and STUDY.
Clicking VIEW will take you to a search view showing you all kanji in that sector. From there, you could Favorite any kanji to study it.
Clicking STUDY enables you to instantly create Flashcards for the kanji at that level in that ring.
6. Kanji mastery score history
Kanshudo stores your progress month to month, and you can view a summary of your score history. You can see up to the last 12 months directly from your kanji wheel - in the OVERALL PROGRESS summary (the panel that appears when no ring or sector is selected), click SCORE HISTORY.
You can also see your full history going back to when you started using Kanshudo. You can also access your full history from your account page.
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.

Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.