姓 means 'surname'

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Strokes : 8    Frequency: 1263   JLPT: N2    Usefulness: 4    Study set: 4-17    Grade: 8   Intermediate lesson: 50    Beginner lesson: -   Begins 5 words   Used in 42 words   Used in 88 names   Not used as a component
Jōyō (常用)
   セイ   ショウ
⿰   woman; female   life  
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In the most useful 10,000 words in Japanese, 姓 is used 2 times, read 2 ways.
Across all words in Japanese, 姓 is used 39 times, read 2 ways (with 1 variation).
セイ : 23 words FIND ALL
1. surname; family name
2. hereditary title (used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing)  (see also: ; this meaning is restricted to reading せい)
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings, examples and links)
ショウ : 14 words FIND ALL
1. farmer; peasant; country bumpkin  (sensitive)
2. farming
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
ショウ (read as じょう) : 2 words FIND ALL
Most common form: 素性
birth; lineage; parentage; origin; identity; background; history
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 4 forms, examples and links)
An additional one less common word includes 姓 but the reading has not yet been categorized.
Henshall: 1471  Joy o' Kanji : 1471  Key to Kanji: 592 

Cascading kanji view

セイ   ショウ    surname   
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ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
セイ   ショウ    life   なま raw   いかす to enliven   いきる to live   いける to arrange flowers   うまれる to be born   う to give birth to   き pure, undiluted   お to grow, to sprout   はえる to grow, to sprout   はやす to grow, cultivate   
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