Components

極 means 'extreme'

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Strokes : 12    Frequency: 616   JLPT: N2    Usefulness: 4    Study set: 4-5    Grade: 4   Intermediate lesson: 39    Beginner lesson: -   Begins 129 words   Used in 284 words   Used in 267 names   Not used as a component
Jōyō (常用)
On
   キョク   ゴク
Kun
   extreme, end, pole   きわめる to carry to its end   きわまる to reach an extreme   きわまり extremity
Kun    きわ   きめる   -ぎ   きまる
⿰   tree   reach the mouth again  
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In the most useful 10,000 words in Japanese, 極 is used 12 times, read 3 ways.
Across all words in Japanese, 極 is used 274 times, read 5 ways (with 2 variations).
Showing:
キョク : 175 words FIND ALL
3
extreme; extremity
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ゴク : 55 words FIND ALL
0 4
noun
1. Sukhavati (Amitabha's Pure Land)  (see also: 阿弥陀; Buddhist term)
2. paradise
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キョク (read as きょっ) : 3 words FIND ALL
0
noun
capital punishment; extreme penalty; ultimate punishment
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ゴク (read as ごっ) : 1 word FIND ALL
0
intense cold; mid-winter
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きわめる : 23 words FIND ALL
2
exceedingly; extremely; decisively
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める : 13 words FIND ALL
noun
arm-barring force out; locking arms around an opponent and pushing him out of the ring  (sumo term)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
-ぎ (read as ぎ) : 4 words FIND ALL
noun
by the day; daily  (see also: 月極)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
An additional きわ.まる less common words include 極 but the reading has not yet been categorized.
Henshall: 488 (originally: 464)  Joy o' Kanji : 464  Key to Kanji: 224 

Cascading kanji view

キョク   ゴク    extreme, end, pole   きわめる to carry to its end   きわまる to reach an extreme   きわまり extremity   
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モク   ボク   き    こ- tree   
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ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
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イチ   イツ   ひと    ひと- one   
ジン   ニン   ひと person   
stick   
reach the mouth again
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reach
コウ   ク   くち mouth   
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また again   
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