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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
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The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
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Most useful words for each reading of every Jōyō kanji

Kanji Usefulness Level 5 501-600 Vocab

This collection contains 149 words.
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0 1
special; particular; peculiar; unique  (opposite: 一般, 普遍)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. intentionally; deliberately  (often written with kana only)
2. especially; particularly  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
relief; mitigation; alleviation; relaxation; softening
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
1. loose; slack
2. gentle; easy; slow
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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1
noun
(family) crest; coat of arms
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 2
ichidan verb, transitive verb
to boil; to simmer; to stew; to seethe  (see also: 茹でる)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
perfume; fragrance; aroma; balm; sweet scent
(click the word for examples and links)
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4
1. sweet; fragrant; aromatic  (see also: 香ばしい)
2. good (e.g. reputation, rumor); favorable  (esp. neg. for unsavory, etc.)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
tragic death; violent death
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
disastrous; tragic; miserable; wretched; pitiful; woeful
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
miserable; wretched; unhappy; sad; pitiable
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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4
ichidan verb, transitive verb
to oppress; to persecute; to tyrannize
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
cruelty; brutality
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. throat  (often written with kana only)
2. singing voice
(click the word to view an additional 3 readings and 4 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. meaning; point (e.g. of a statement); gist; effect
2. goal; intent; object; aim; point  (this meaning is restricted to form 趣旨)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2 1
noun
1. center (centre); pillar; principle
2. purport; gist; drift; meaning  (this meaning is restricted to form 旨)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
to concentrate; to devote; to apply; to strain; to rack
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
coagulation; freezing; solidification
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
(being) within range (radio, commuting, etc.); (being) within the sphere (e.g. of influence)  (see also: 圏外)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 2
'ku' godan verb, transitive verb
to wipe; to dry
(click the word for examples and links)
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2 0
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to wipe
2. to get rid of; to eliminate (e.g. one's shame); to remove (e.g. an impression); to erase
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
one's lifetime (i.e. one's existence until death); one's career
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. hard; solid; tough  (esp. 固い amp 堅い for wood, 硬い for metal and stone)
2. stiff; tight; wooden; unpolished (e.g. writing)
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings and 5 forms, examples and links)
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0
steady; sound; reliable; solid
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
ethics; morals
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. last moment; eleventh hour
2. platform made of dirt used to perform executions (decapitations) in the Edo period
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. platform; podium; rostrum
2. mandala  (archaic)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. cloth (for Japanese clothes); textile; drapery; dry goods; piece goods
2. silk fabrics  (see also: 太物)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. spare time; free time; leisure
noun
2. time (e.g. time it takes to do something)  (this meaning is restricted to reading ひま, ヒマ)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 4 meanings and 4 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
holiday; day off; furlough; absence (from work)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
transfiguration; transformation; change of appearance
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
noun
fort; stronghold; fortification
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
closure; blockage
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
'gu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to stop up; to close up; to block (up); to plug up; to shut up; to cover (ears, eyes, etc.); to close (eyes, mouth)  (see also: 塞がる)
2. to stand in the way; to obstruct
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
old woman
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 1
mountains
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun, suffix
1. peak
2. mountain
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. kicking
2. rejecting; curtly refusing
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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1
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to kick  (orig. ichidan verb)
2. to refuse; to reject
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
keyboard (e.g. piano, computer)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun
1. key
2. lock  (see also: )
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
setting a place; setting the table
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
linear measure; scale
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
(divine) punishment; curse; retribution
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
fine; penalty
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 0
punishment
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to leak out; to escape; to come through; to shine through; to filter out
2. to find expression; to give vent
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
thick red ink (used for signature seals); red ink pad; vermillion ink; cinnabar ink
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
exhibition
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
blanching; bleaching
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'u' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to drift; to float
2. to waft (e.g. a scent); to hang in the air
(click the word to view an additional 5 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
fruit juice
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun, noun (suffix)
1. juice; sap
2. soup; broth
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. lonely; desolate
2. forlornness; desolation  (this meaning is restricted to reading じゃくねん)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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0
silence; stillness; quietness
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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3
lonely; lonesome; solitary; desolate
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
'ku' godan verb, intransitive verb
to sigh; to lament; to grieve
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
entreaty; appeal; petition
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1 0
noun
1. dhyana (profound meditation)  (Buddhist term)
2. Zen (Buddhism)  (see also: 禅宗; abbreviation)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0 3
pure; clean; purity
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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0
resemblance; resemble
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
edged tool; cutlery
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
cartoon; comic; comic strip
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. fog; mist  (see also: , )
2. spray
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
heavy fog; dense fog; thick fog
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
morning fog; morning mist  (see also: 夕霧)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
late summer heat; lingering summer heat  (see also: 立秋; refers to heat following 立秋, approx. Aug. 8)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
hot (weather, etc.); warm  (opposite: 寒い)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. shelf; shelves; ledge; rack
2. trellis
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
bookshelves; bookshelf; bookcase
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. sleeve
2. wing (of a stage, desk, gate, etc.)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
leader; chief; boss
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
magnificent; grand; majestic; splendid
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
last third of a month; 21st to the last day of a month
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
1. season (e.g. fruit, fish)
2. in vogue; popular; fresh; up to date
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
wood carving; woodcraft
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
carving; engraving; sculpture
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to carve; to engrave; to sculpt; to chisel
2. to tattoo  (this meaning is restricted to reading ほる)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
demand; request
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 3
noun
chain; chains
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to smash; to crush
2. to shut down
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
ulcer  (medicine, etc. term)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. steering; piloting; flying; control; operation; handling
2. management; handling; control; manipulation
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. the vertical; height
2. front-to-back; length
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
panic; scare; consternation
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to become confused (disconcerted, disorganized, disorganised); to be flustered; to panic
2. to be in a hurry; to rush  (usu. 慌てて)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
proper; reasonable; right; appropriate
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
calm; gentle; quiet
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun, noun (suffix)
1. frame; framework
2. border; box
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. riddle; puzzle; enigma; mystery
2. enigmatic; mysterious
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
honor; honour; credit; prestige
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 3
noun
honour; honor
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
anecdote
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 0
noun
1. piece (in shogi, chess, etc.)
2. horse; foal  (archaic)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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2
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to be frugal; to be sparing
2. to value; to hold dear
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
regrettable defeat; defeat by a narrow margin
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
measure; measures; step
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. crystal; crystallization; crystallisation
2. fruits (of labor, union, etc.)  (see also: 愛の結晶)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
1. intake; absorption; adoption
2. assimilation
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
1. (musical) time; tempo; beat; rhythm
2. the moment; the instance; chance  (esp. 〜した拍子に)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
clapping hands; applause  (see also: 拍手)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
practice; practising; training; study
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 3
noun
foundation stone; cornerstone
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 2
foundation; basis
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
disaster; shipwreck; accident; being stranded
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
(train) conductor
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. saucepan; pot
noun, noun (suffix)
2. stew; hot pot  (food term)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
1. bow (and arrow)  (ゆ is usu. a prefix)
2. archery
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 meaning, examples and links)
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1
noun
(Japanese) archery
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
conquest (problem, disease, handicap, etc. e.g. poverty, illness); overcoming; bringing under control; subjugation; victory over
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to place (in position); to fix; to set (e.g. table); to lay (foundation)
2. to install; to seat (someone)  (see also: 上座に据える)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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3
bold; daring; audacious
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
jump; leap; skip; bound
(click the word for examples and links)
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3 4
noun
1. skipping rope; jump rope
2. skipping; rope-jumping
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to jump; to leap; to prance; to spring up; to bound; to hop
2. to break up; to close; to come to an end
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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2
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
to tie; to bind
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. restraint; restriction; fetters; yoke; shackles
2. binding; confinement with rope  (orig. meaning)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
enshrinement
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
to quieten down; to calm down; to subside; to die down; to abate; to be suppressed
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
noun
torpedo
(click the word for examples and links)
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3 4 0
noun
1. lightning; thunder; thunderbolt
2. god of thunder; god of lightning  (this meaning is restricted to reading かみなり)
(click the word to view an additional 3 readings, 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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3
noun
1. resentment; grudge; malice; bitterness
2. matter for regret; regret  (esp. 憾み)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. regretful; sorrowful; bitter
2. contrition
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
honouring (publicly); honoring; making someone's good deeds or achievements well-known
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
breed; multiply; increase; propagation
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
to increase; to multiply
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
spring; welling of water
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
'ku' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to well (up); to gush forth (of water); to spring out; to surge
2. to appear (esp. suddenly) (sweat, tears, etc.)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
shogi; Japanese chess; xianqi
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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1 2
noun
shogi player; go player
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
technique; finesse
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
skill; cleverness
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
flooded out; submersion
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
inundation; submersion; flood
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
to soak; to dip; to drench
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
peach (Prunus persica)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0 4
noun
distance; interval; gap; difference; estrangement
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
space; interval; SPC
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
relief squad; rescue party
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
very; greatly; exceedingly  (often written with kana only)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
very great; enormous; serious
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
conception; pregnancy
(click the word for examples and links)
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2 0
noun, noun or verb acting prenominally
welfare; well-being; social welfare; social security; social service
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
beast; brute; animal
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
disease; ailment; illness
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
coaching school; cramming school; juku
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
lagoon
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
tidal flat; tideland
(click the word for examples and links)
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