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For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
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  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
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  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
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The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
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Most useful words for each reading of every Jōyō kanji

Kanji Usefulness Level 5 101-200 Level-Appropriate Vocab

This collection contains 173 words.
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0
diffusion; spread; popularization; promulgation; familiarization
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0 2
'bu' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to reach; to amount to; to befall; to happen to; to extend
2. to be up to the task; to come up to  (see also: 及ばない)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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1
prosperity; flourishing; thriving
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. popular
2. prosperous
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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0 1
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to serve (food, etc.); to dish out
2. to fill up; to pile up; to heap
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
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0
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
1. flowers in full bloom; time of year in which flowers are in full bloom
2. the age at which someone (esp. a woman) is at the peak of their beauty
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
entranceway; entry hall; vestibule; foyer; entryway; mud room
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1 2
1. expert; professional; master  (opposite: 素人)
2. woman in the nightlife business; demimondaine; geisha and prostitutes  (see also: 素人)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
grace; favor; favour; blessing; benefit
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
1. wisdom; wit; sagacity; sense; intelligence
2. prajna (insight leading to enlightenment)  (usu. 智慧; Buddhist term)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0 4 5
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
to be blessed with; to be rich in; to abound in
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
lesson; class work; teaching; instruction
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to be awarded (e.g. a prize); to be given an award; to receive (e.g. a title)
2. to be gifted or endowed (e.g. with a talent)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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0 3
'mu' godan verb, intransitive verb
to spring; to bound; to bounce; to be stimulated; to be encouraged; to get lively; to treat oneself to; to splurge on
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. bomb
2. alcohol with liquor added (esp. wine-based shochu highball, also beer with whiskey)  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
'ku' godan verb, transitive verb
to play (piano, guitar)
(click the word for examples and links)
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3 0
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to support; to maintain; to provide for; to bring up; to raise; to rear; to feed; to adopt (a child)  (see also: 養い)
2. to cultivate (a habit, a quality, etc.); to develop; to build up
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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3
'ku' godan verb, intransitive verb
to be surprised; to be astonished
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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1
wonder; miracle; amazement; prodigy
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
Nara (city)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to recommend; to endorse (e.g. a candidate); to nominate
2. to infer; to conclude; to conjecture; to surmise
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
recommendation; referral; endorsement  (see also: 推奨)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
trees and shrubs; arbour; arbor
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
act; deed; conduct
(click the word for examples and links)
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noun
1. good; advantage; benefit; welfare  (see also: 為に; often written with kana only)
2. sake; purpose; objective; aim  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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2
male (animal)  (see also: ; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. hero; heroine; great person
2. Eroica Symphony (Beethoven, 1804)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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3 2
noun
1. (single-edged) sword; katana
2. dagger; knife  (archaic)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
noun
bento; Japanese box lunch  (see also: お弁当)
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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1
strange; queer; curious
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. pattern; figure; design
2. state; condition
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
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1
noun
scale; scope; plan; structure
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. resistance; opposition; standing up to
2. reluctance; repulsion; repugnance
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
advanced level; high grade; senior
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'ku' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to blink (one's eyes); to wink; to bat  (またたく is sometimes used transitively)
2. to twinkle (e.g. stars); to flicker; to waver
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
moment; second; instant
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
1. blink (of eyes); wink
2. twinkling (of stars); flicker (of light); blink (of light)  (this meaning is restricted to reading またたき, まだたき)
(click the word to view an additional 3 readings, examples and links)
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0
name; title
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
showy; brilliant; gorgeous; florid; gay
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
wonderful; gorgeous; splendor; splendour; pomp; extravagance
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
falling as flowers do; dying a glorious death
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to hurt; to injure; to cause pain  (usu. 痛める)
2. to harm; to damage; to spoil  (usu. 傷める)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
injury; wound
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. wound; injury; cut; gash; bruise; scratch; scrape; scar
2. chip; crack; scratch; nick
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 5 forms, examples and links)
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0
battle; fight; combat
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
battle; fight; struggle; conflict
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. muscle; tendon; sinew
2. vein; artery
(click the word to view an additional 17 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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1
muscle; sinew
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. translation
2. de-encryption; deciphering
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
conclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard; reason; cause; meaning; circumstances; situation  (often written with kana only)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
ichidan verb, transitive verb
to shoot (arrow, bolt, dart)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
injection
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
to be silent
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun, noun (suffix)
1. pattern; design
noun
2. body build; figure; physique
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
power; authority
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
arrogance; haughtiness; insolence
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. handle; grip
2. stalk (of a mushroom, leaf, etc.)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. (police) detective
noun, noun or verb acting prenominally
2. criminal matter
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
1. turning point; critical juncture
2. knot (in a tree, etc.)  (this meaning is restricted to form 節目)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
'gu' godan verb, transitive verb
to take off (clothes, shoes, etc.); to undress
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. escape; break-out
2. prolapse; proptosis
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
withdrawal; secession; separation; breakaway
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
strict; rigour; rigor; severe; firm; strong; secure
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
solemnity; gravity; impressiveness
(click the word for examples and links)
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4
1. severe; strict; rigid; unsparing; relentless
2. stern; austere; grave; solemn; majestic
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 1 meaning and 3 forms, examples and links)
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2
solemn (e.g. ceremony, atmosphere); austere; majestic; dignified; stately; awful; impressive
(click the word for examples and links)
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4 3
noun
museum
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
faithfulness; devotion; loyalty; honesty; truth; fidelity
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to pierce; to penetrate; to soak in; to permeate  (often written with kana only)
2. to sting (wound or sensitive area, etc.); to smart; to twinge  (often written with kana only; this meaning is restricted to form 染みる, 沁みる)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 5 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0 3
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to be dyed
2. to be tainted; to be infected; to be stained; to be steeped
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. delicate; subtle; sensitive
2. difficult; delicate (situation); complicated
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
noun
standard; level; norm
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
rim; brim; edge; brink
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
wharf; breakwater; steep cliff
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
surface of a wall
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. wall; partition
2. barrier; obstacle
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 meaning, examples and links)
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1
1. forerunner; pioneer; precursor  (see also: 先駆け; historically more common but in modern Japanese 先駆け is used)
2. herald
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
4 0
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to flush out (game, etc.); to drive (animals); to beat; to hunt down
2. to urge; to spur on; to push on; to impel  (this meaning is restricted to form 駆り立てる, 駆立てる)
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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0
anaesthesia; anesthesia
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun
1. cannabis (Cannabis sativa); hemp (plant)
2. hemp (fiber); linen; flax; jute
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
deck (of a ship)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
armored; armoured
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
feudal lord; daimyo
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to approach; to draw near; to be imminent
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
2. to press (someone for something); to urge; to compel
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
pressure; coercion; oppression
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
threat; menace; coercion; terrorism
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
following (e.g. suit, in someone's footsteps, etc.); emulation
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to step on; to tread on
2. to experience; to undergo
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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3 4 0
1. stepping; stamping; marking time (for a soldier)
2. standstill; stalemate
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
1. to shoot (at)  (usu. 撃つ)
2. to attack; to defeat; to destroy; to avenge
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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1
Bible; scriptures
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
dictionary
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 4 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. seriousness; earnestness
2. real sword (as opposed to unsharpened or wooden practice weapon)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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3 0
symptoms; condition
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 3
noun
back room; closet; storage room
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. payment (taxes, fees, etc.)
2. supply (of goods); delivery
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. consent; assent; agreement
2. understanding; comprehension; grasp
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
shed; barn; outhouse
(click the word for examples and links)
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4
noun
year-end office closing (usu. Dec. 28)  (see also: 御用始め)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. third month of the lunar calendar  (obsolete term)
2. thick growth (of grass, etc.)  (archaic; this meaning is restricted to reading いやおい)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
financing; credit transacting; loaning of money; circulation of money
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun, noun (prefix)
seaside; beachside
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
1. beach; seashore
2. captured pieces (in the game of go); captured stones  (see also: 揚げ浜; abbreviation; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
birth-place; home town
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
country samurai
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. willow (any tree of genus Salix)
2. weeping willow (Salix babylonica)  (see also: 枝垂れ柳; this meaning is restricted to reading やなぎ, ヤナギ)
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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1 3
noun
senryu; comic haiku; humorous seventeen-syllable poem
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
evidence; proof
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1 0
1. service; ministry; attendance; church work
2. offering goods at a reduced price; providing a service for free
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
magistrate; shogunate administrator
(click the word for examples and links)
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4
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to offer; to present
2. to revere at a distance; to do respectfully
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 form, examples and links)
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2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to break; to destroy; to demolish
2. to wreck; to ruin; to spoil; to damage
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
1. collapse; crumbling; breaking down; caving in  (see also: 崩れる)
2. decay  (see also: α崩壊; physics terminology)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
2
noun
1. grace (of God); divine favour; blessing; miracle; answer to a prayer  (see also: 利益)
2. benefit
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
1. profit; gains
2. benefit; advantage; interest (of the public, etc.)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
1
noun
1. complaint; grumbling; objection
2. phrase; words; expression
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
metal
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
success; hit
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. emperor (of Japan); mikado
2. (the gates of an) imperial residence  (honorific)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0 1
noun
1. empire
2. imperial
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 2
celebration; congratulations
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
1. moat; fosse
2. canal; ditch
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
outer moat (castle)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
establishment; founding; organization; organisation
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to make; to produce; to manufacture; to build; to construct  (造る usu. for large-scale building, manufacturing, etc. 創る usu. for creating)
2. to prepare (food); to brew (alcohol)
(click the word to view an additional 11 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
to cry; to weep; to sob; to howl
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
crying aloud; lamentation; wailing
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. memory; recollection; remembrance
2. storage
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
Shinkansen; bullet train
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 0
noun
(tree) trunk; (arrow) shaft; (tool) handle; backbone; base
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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1
announcement; presentation; demonstration; displaying; showing; introducing; exhibiting; unveiling; revealing; showcasing; performing; giving a rendition
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
1 2
noun
1. dew
2. tears
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
1
noun
1. arrow
2. wedge; chock
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
handshake
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to clasp; to grasp; to grip; to clutch
2. to make (nigirizushi, rice ball, etc.); to form; to press into shape; to mold; to mould
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
1
ceremony; rite; ritual; service
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
lecture attendance; auditing
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
'ku' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to hear
2. to listen (e.g. to music)  (usu. 聴く)
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0 2
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to attack; to assail; to make an assault; to strike; to hunt down
2. to succeed (someone in a post, role, etc.)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
attack; charge; raid
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
feature; trait; characteristic; peculiarity; distinction
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
1. polite; courteous; civil
2. careful; close; thorough; conscientious
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. kitchen knife; carving knife
2. cooking; food  (archaic)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
cabinet; (government) ministry
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
relief; aid; rescue
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 3
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
to rescue from; to help out of; to save
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
noun
1. plot; intrigue; scheme
2. conspiracy; agreement between two or more people to commit an unlawful act  (law, etc. term)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
noun
1. shade; shadow
2. sunshine
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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3
'su' godan verb, transitive verb, intransitive verb
to repeat; to do something over again
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. master (of a house, shop, etc.)
2. husband (informal)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
noun
1. operation; management; processing
2. manipulating to one's benefit
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
chastity; fidelity; honour; honor; faith
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to manipulate; to operate; to handle; to operate (e.g. a machine); to steer (a ship)
2. to have a good command of (a language); to be fluent in
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
0
noun
noise
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'gu' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to make noise; to make racket; to be noisy
2. to rustle; to swoosh
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
self denial; self control
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
self; oneself
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. oneself (itself, etc.)  (archaic)
2. I; me  (humble)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. hindrance; obstacle; nuisance
2. to visit (somebody's home)  (see also: お邪魔します)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
photography (still or motion); photographing; filming; shooting; (video) recording
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to take (a photo)  (esp. 撮る)
2. to record (video, audio, etc.); to make (a film)  (esp. 録る)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. something carried (in the hand); handheld; portable
noun
2. mobile telephone; cell phone  (see also: 携帯電話; abbreviation; colloquialism; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
4
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
to engage in; to participate; to take part  (see also: 従事)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
3 0 5
noun
both sides
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
adjoin; adjacent; related
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
neighbor (neighbour); next to (esp. living next door to)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
publicity; advertisement; advertising; propaganda
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'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to send; to dispatch; to despatch
'su' godan verb, auxiliary verb
2. to bestow (favour, etc.); to grant (e.g. pardon)  (after て form, slightly pompous; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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noun
pocket money; spending money; pin money; allowance  (see also: 小遣い銭; abbreviation)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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noun
lawsuit; complaint
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litigation; lawsuit
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2
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
to grow thickly; to be in full leaf; to be rampant; to luxuriate; to be luxurious
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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