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Grammar detail: いただく

いただく - overview
219 words
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The verb いただく (sometimes written with kanji as 頂く) is used in several situations and grammatical forms. This article provides an overview.

いただきます / いただきましょう

The first usage of いただく you may encounter is as part of the set phrases, いただきます and いただきましょう, which are both used before meals. いただきます means effectively 'thank you for the food'. In the same situation, いただきましょう means 'let's eat'.
パイもう1ついかがですええいただきます
"Will you have another slice of pie?" "Yes, please."

a polite form of もらう

The verb もらう is the standard verb meaning 'receive' or 'accept', and いただく is a humble (and hence politer) direct equivalent. This is often used as a polite way to ask for something or accept an offer for something.
ことば
言葉
あま
えて
もう
いっぱい
一杯
いただ
きます

If you insist I'll have another drink.
この
かさ
いただきます
I'll take this umbrella.

て form + いただく

The て form of a verb plus いただく is the humble form of てもらう, and is used to mean having someone perform the action described by the verb on one's behalf.
かれ
じゅうぶん
十分
べられる
よう
はか
らって
いただ
けません

Could you please give him enough to be able to eat?

causative て form + いただく

The causative form of a verb plus いただく takes this a stage further - now, the action is being performed by the speaker, but the speaker is 'humbly requesting permission' to perform the action.
はな
させていただいても
よろしいでしょう
May I speak with you?

ご + する verb + いただく

This is similar in meaning to the て + いただく form, but used with する verbs.
どなたか
しょうかい
紹介
いただけませんでしょう
I wonder if you would kindly introduce us to someone.
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Kanji used in this grammar

チョウ   presented   いただ to be presented with, crowned   いただき summit, top   
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ゲン   ゴン   say; word   こと word, saying   い to say   
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ヨウ   leaf   は leaves   
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カン   あま sweet, indulgent   あまえる to behave like a spoiled child   あまやかす to pamper   
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イチ   イツ   ひと    ひと- one   
ハイ   さかずき cup, goblet   
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サン   かさ umbrella   
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ヒ   かれ he   
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ジュウ   ジッ   と    とお ten   
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ブン   ブ   フン   わける to divide, to distinguish   わかる to understand   わかれる to be divided   わかつ to share, distribute   
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ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
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シュ   と to take   
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ケイ   はからう to arrange   はか to measure, compute   
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ワ   はな to talk   はなし talking   
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ショウ    introduce   
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カイ    mediate   
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