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Grammar detail: こむ/込む compound verbs

3
こむ/込む compound verbs
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む is a verb which has several useful meanings on its own - for example, it can mean 'to go / put into'; it can also mean 'to be crowded / packed'. It is very commonly added to other verbs to evoke these meanings in addition to the original meaning of the verb.
In fact, む is the most verb used in this way to make 'compound verbs' - there are 255! The general rule of thumb is that む can be added to almost any verb to 'deepen' or 'strengthen' its intent.
Here's an example of the first type of meaning:
む (rush into)
かれ
コート
まま
へや
部屋
んできました

He rushed into the room with his coat on.
Here's an example of the second:
ねむ
む (fall deeply asleep)
らない
うち
かり
つけたまま
ねむ
りこんでしまった

Without realizing, I had fallen asleep with the light left on.
Source: ねじまきクロにカル(
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See also:
  • Compound verbs

Words used in this grammar

'mu' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to be crowded; to be packed
2. to be complex  (see also: 手の込んだ)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 4 forms)
4
3
TEST
'mu' godan verb, intransitive verb
to rush in (at the last minute); to stampede
(click the word to view an additional 5 forms)
9
TEST
'mu' godan verb, intransitive verb
to fall asleep; to sleep deeply
(click the word to view an additional 1 form)
TEST

Kanji used in this grammar

crowded   こ to be crowded   こめる to load; to include   
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3
ク   かける to gallop, run   か to drive, to spur on   
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5
ミン   ねむ to sleep   ねむ sleepy   
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3
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
チャク   ジャク   つ to arrive   つける to attach   き to wear   きせる to make wear   
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2
ブ   part
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3
オク   や roof   
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2
チ   し to know   
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2
メイ   ミョウ   あかり light   あかるい bright   あかるむ to brighten   あからむ to become luminous (at dawn)   あきらか obvious   あかす to lay bare   あ to open   あける to empty   
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2
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