Components

Grammar detail: verb passive causative (させられる) form

verb passive causative (させられる) form - is made to happen
Tweet
138 words
My current mastery of this grammar point:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
Grammar games:
GRAMMAR MATCH
SENTENCE BUILDER
BOOST
The passive causative form of a verb means that something 'is made' to happen.
ていて
ハラハラさせられた
Just to watch it made me nervous.
For both godan and ichidan verbs, the passive causative is made by first making the causative, then replacing the る with られる. For example:
べる eat ➜
べさせる make eat ➜
べさせられる is made to eat
Although this construction seems like a lot of syllables to remember, it is actually quite regular, as られる is the standard combination used to form any passive, and once the causative itself is formed, that functions as a regular ichidan (る) verb.
This construction is sometimes known as the させられる construction, since for any verb formed by adding する to a noun, the passive causative is formed by adding させられる.
りょこう
旅行
する to travel ➜
りょこう
旅行
させられる is made to travel
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

ショク   ジキ    food   たべる to eat   く to eat   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
リョ   たび trip   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
ケン   み to see   みえる to be seen; to appear   みせる to show   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
Kanshudo is your AI Japanese tutor, and your constant companion on the road to mastery of the Japanese language. To get started learning Japanese, just follow the study recommendations on your Dashboard. You can use Quick search (accessible using the icon at the top of every page) to look up any Japanese word, kanji or grammar point, as well as to find anything on Kanshudo quickly. For an overview, take the tour.
×