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Grammar detail: つ te form / つ past form

つ te form / つ past form
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In older typography, it was common to use a large つ in the te and past forms of verbs instead of the small っ used in modern Japanese. The function of the larger つ, and its pronunciation, were the same as the small っ in modern Japanese: to double the sound of the succeeding consonant. In other words つた was pronounced 't-ta', not 'tsu-ta'.
In the following example, the larger つ is used in three words - ことになつて (instead of ことになって), 向き合つて (instead of 向き合って), and ゐなければならなくなつた (instead of the modern いなければならなくなった).
わたし
いぶせ
井伏
ゆるし
とうぶん
当分
その
ちゃや
茶屋
ちつく
ことになつてそれから
まいにち
毎日
いやでも
ふじ
富士
ましょうめん
真正面
から
つて
ゐなければならなくなつた
I, with Mr. Ibuse’s permission, stayed in his teahouse for the time being, and, whether I liked it or not, was forced to face Mt. Fuji head on every day from then on.
Source: 富嶽百景 太宰治, translation by Bunsuke)
The example above appears in Bunsuke's Newsletter #241 ⇗. Bunsuke's newsletter features short extracts from Japanese literature, and is an excellent way to encounter Japanese authors and their works. You can also read a selection of Bunsuke's pieces in the Bunsuke Reading Corner.
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Kanji used in this grammar

コウ   むかう to confront   む to turn towards   むこう opposite direction   むける to direct towards   
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ゴウ   ガッ   カッ   あ to fit, come together   あわす to match   あわせる to unite, join   
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シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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セイ   ショウ   い a well   
フク   ふ to prostrate onself   ふせる lay (face) down   
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シ    family; Mr / Mrs   うじ family name   
トク    profit   え    う to acquire   
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トウ   あてる    あたる to hit   
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ブン   ブ   フン   わける to divide, to distinguish   わかる to understand   わかれる to be divided   わかつ to share, distribute   
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チャ   サ    tea   
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オク   や roof   
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ラク   おちる to fall   おとす to drop (something)   
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マイ   every, each
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ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
フ   フウ   とみ wealth   と to grow / be wealthy   
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シ   samurai
シン   truth   ま exactly; deep   
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セイ   ショウ   ただしい correct   ただ to correct   まさ precise, exact   
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メン   おもて mask, features, surface   おも surface   つら face   
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