Kanshudo Component Builder
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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.

For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
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Grammar detail: あげる, くれる, もらう

あげる, くれる, もらう - giving and receiving
428 words
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In Japanese, three main verbs are used to indicate giving and receiving: あげる, くれる and もらう. These are 'directional' verbs: when to use which verb is dependent on who performs the action, and who receives the result of the action. もらう means 'receive', and あげる and くれる both mean 'give', but with different implications about who is doing the giving. It is important to be able to distinguish which verb to use when, as in many cases the subject is omitted.


あげる is used when the giving is done by the speaker or someone/something the speaker represents or is associated with (family, workplace, sporting team, etc).
I gave her a bag.
In the case where both a subject (giver) and recipient (of the gift) are included in the sentence, the recipient is marked with に:
I gave a bag to my friend.
あげる can also be used to express a situation in which the speaker describes a third-person giving something and the speaker has no association with the recipient. Therefore the very same sentence カバンをあげた can mean 'He gave her a bag'. Of course, in cases where the subject has been omitted, we can assume the subject has already been established.


くれる which also means 'to give', is used by the speaker to describe the giving action of another person to the speaker or somebody of close association to the speaker.
She gave me these chocolates.
In the case where the subject and recipient are included in the sentence, the recipient is marked with に:
Mr Yamashita gave me chocolate.
The following is an example of when くれる is used for 'give' when describing something that was given to somebody who is of close association to the speaker. あげる would never be used in this kind of situation.
My friend gave my dad a book.


もらう means 'receive' or 'get'. This verb is concerned with the receiving direction, so it is straightforward in comparison to あげる and くれる. It is used to describe 'receive' when the speaker or somebody who is of close association are the recipients.
I got a cup from Ms Tanaka.
もらう is also used when speaking about a third-person recipient:
My cousin got a present from Lisa.
However, note that もらう can not be used if the giver is the speaker. It would be incorrect to say for example いとこは私にプレゼントをもらった (my cousin got a present from me). To express this idea, you would make the speaker the subject and use あげる, i.e.: いとこにプレゼントをあげた。
Notice that the particle に is used to indicate the person from whom the gift was received. You may also encounter the use of から in place of に - they are interchangeable when もらう is used to talk about receiving items, gifts, etc.
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Words used in this grammar

ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to raise; to elevate  (see also: 手を挙げる)
2. to do up (one's hair)  (see also: 髪を上げる)
(click the word to view an additional 24 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
Ichidan verb - kureru special class, transitive verb, auxiliary verb
to give; to let one have; to do for one; to be given  (くれ is an irregular alternative imperative form; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to receive; to take; to accept  (often written with kana only)
auxiliary verb, 'u' godan verb
2. to get somebody to do something  (follows a verb in "-te" form; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)

Kanji used in this grammar

シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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ユウ   とも friend   
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ジン   ニン   ひと person   
サン   やま mountain   
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カ   ゲ   した below, under   しも bottom part   もと under (influence)   さげる to lower, to reduce   さがる to be lowered   くだ to descend   くだ to judge   くださる to give   おろす to drop off (passenger)   おりる to get off (train)   
フ   ちち father   
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ホン   book   もと origin   
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デン   た rice field   
チュウ   ジュウ   なか middle   
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