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Grammar detail: verb て form + やる

verb て form + やる - do something for somebody
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verb て form
+
やる
expresses the idea of doing something for someone. Care should be taken when using てやる as in many contexts it is used to emphasize the fact that X is doing something for Y, conveying the sense that a favor is being carried out.
てやる often coincides with hierarchical relationships. It would be offensive for a person to use てやる to express that they will do something for a superior.
It can generally be used without consequence between equals; where a relationship is close and regular interactions between speakers are already casual.
It is sometimes used to express very harsh actions, as can be seen in example sentence 4.
かれ
くび
してやる
He shall be fired.
わたし
むすこ
息子
うでどけい
腕時計
ってやる
つもりです
I'll buy a watch for my son.
がくせい
学生
けっせき
欠席
みと
めてやる

I will grant the students absences.
おまえ
してやる

I'll shut you out.
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See also:
  • verb て form + くれる - receive
  • verb て form + あげる - do for somebody, give
  • verb て form + もらう - to have someone do something
  • やる vs する - do

Kanji used in this grammar

ヒ   かれ he   
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3
シュ   くび neck; head   
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3
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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2
ソク   いき breath   
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3
シ   ス   こ child   
1
ワン   うで arm   
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4
ジ   とき time, occasion   
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1
ケイ   はからう to arrange   はか to measure, compute   
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2
バイ   か to buy   
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2
ガク   まな to learn   
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1
セイ   ショウ    life   なま raw   いかす to enliven   いきる to live   いける to arrange flowers   うまれる to be born   う to give birth to   き pure, undiluted   お to grow, to sprout   はえる to grow, to sprout   はやす to grow, cultivate   
1
ケツ   か to lack   かける to be lacking   
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3
セキ    seat   
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3
ニン   みとめる to recognize, to perceive, to approve of   
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3
テイ   しめる to close   しまる to be closed   
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5
シュツ   スイ   だ to take out, to put out   で to go out, to exit   
1
ジョ   ニョ   ニョウ   woman; female   おんな woman   め woman   
1
ジョ   すけ help   たすける to help, save   たすかる to be helped   
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3
ヒツ   かなら certainly, invariably   
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3
ヨウ   い to need   かなめ pivotal point   
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3
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