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Grammar detail: verb plain form + と

verb plain form + と - when, if
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verb plain form
+
+
clause
means
when / if (verb) happens, then (clause)
べんきょう
勉強
しない
しけん
試験
ちます

If you don't study, you will fail the exam.
ふゆ
なる
いき
しろ
なる
When it becomes winter breath becomes white.
This form is often used in Japanese as a logical linkage between two related concepts, which in English wouldn't necessarily require a direct translation. For example:
その
ほん
んでみる
やさしかった
I found the book easy.
くわ
える
なる
Add 5 to 3 and you have 8.
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Kanji used in this grammar

ベン    exertion   
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キョウ   ゴウ   つよ strong   つよまる to get stronger   つよめる to strengthen   しいる to compel, to force   
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シ   ため to test   こころみる to attempt   
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ケン   ゲン    verification   
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ラク   おちる to fall   おとす to drop (something)   
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トウ   ふゆ winter   
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ソク   いき breath   
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ハク   しろ white   しろ    しら-    
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ホン   book   もと origin   
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ドク   トク   トウ   よ to read   
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カ   くわえる to add to   くわわる to join, to be added to   
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