Kanshudo Component Builder
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Type a component or its name:
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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.

For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
Not finding your component?
If you believe you've drawn your component correctly but the system is not recognizing it, please:
Let us know!

Grammar detail: 〜ないで vs 〜なくて vs 〜ずに

〜ないで vs 〜なくて vs 〜ずに - the difference between the ないで, なくて, ずに negative joining forms
224 words
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While the て form of a word is standard, in the negative, there are three main variations that have some subtle differences:
, and
Below we provide a more detailed summary of which construction is used when. One simple rule that can help you remember which form to use is: ないで is the negative て form, なくて is the て form of the negative, and ずに can be used instead of ないで when the meaning is 'without doing'.
Use with adjectives
For い or な adjectives, or a noun + ではない, the only form that can be used is なくて. In this context, the meaning is typically '... is not, and ...'.
Negative verbs
In general, use ないで, the negative て form of the verb. For example:

I went to school without washing my face.
It's only OK to use なくて when its verb expresses a reason for something. For example:

The train didn't come so I was late.
If the verb is a reason, either form can be used - なくて would emphasize the reason, where ないで would simply describe it.
Standardized forms
The なくて and ないで forms are used as part of standardized expressions, and the correct form should be used for the expression.
なくてはいけません ➜ must do
ないではいられません ➜ can't help doing
The expression 'OK not to do' can use either form:
(いか)なくてもいい = (いか)ないでもいい ➜ OK not to (go)
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Kanji used in this grammar

ガン   かお face   
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セン   あら to wash   
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ガク   まな to learn   
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コウ    exam   
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コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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デン    electricity   
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シャ   くるま car   
ライ   く to come   きた to be forthcoming   きた to induce   
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チ   おそ late   おくれる to be late   おくらす to make late   
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コク   chisel; time   きざ to chisel, engrave   
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