Most useful words for each reading of every Jōyō kanji

Kanji Usefulness Level 2 101-170 Vocab

This collection contains 137 words.
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0
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to begin; to start; to commence
2. to happen (again); to begin (anew)
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0
end; close; termination
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1
adverb, noun
continuously; from beginning to end; from first to last
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0
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb, auxiliary verb
to finish; to end; to close  (also written 了る, 卒る, etc.)
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0
hospital
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0
broadcast; broadcasting
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0
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to send (a thing); to dispatch; to despatch; to transmit
2. to take or escort (a person somewhere); to see off (a person)
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2
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
to shine; to look attractive; to look pretty
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2
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
to be reflected; to harmonize with (harmonise); to come out (photo); to be projected; to be displayed (on a screen)
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0
noun
sunset glow
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1
trade; buying and selling; trafficking (e.g. of humans, arms, drugs); dealing
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0
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to buy; to purchase  (in western Japan, 買う conjugates euphonically as こうた, こうて, etc.)
2. to value; to have a high opinion
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, useful expressions, examples and links)
1
noun
1. illness; disease
2. bad habit; weakness; fault
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0
illness; disease; sickness
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3
noun
illness; disease
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1
to fall ill; to be ill
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0
noun
rice seedlings
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0
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
early morning
(click the word for examples and links)
0 4
at once; immediately; without delay; promptly
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2
1. fast; quick; hasty; brisk  (esp. 速い, 疾い, 捷い)
2. early (in the day, etc.); premature  (esp. 早い)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 4 forms, useful expressions, examples and links)
3
1. fast; quick; prompt; nimble; agile
2. quick (to understand); sharp (judgement)
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1
noun
commitment; pledge; promise
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0
question; inquiry; enquiry
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0
noun
hostage
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2
noun
pawnshop
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0
1. kitchen
noun
2. financial situation
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1
Most common form: せりふ
noun
speech; words; one's lines; remarks  (often written with kana only)
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0
noun
Muromachi (era 1392-1573, or 1333-1573, or 1336-1573)
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0
potential; possible; practicable; feasible
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0
construction; establishment
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1
Most common form: たつ
'tsu' godan verb, intransitive verb
to be erected; to be built
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0
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to roll; to tumble
2. to fall over; to roll over
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0
1. operation (of a machine, etc.); operating; running; run
2. driving
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3
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to stop; to stay (e.g. the night); to cease; to put an end to
2. to contain; to keep (in position, in place); to limit
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0
suspension; stoppage; discontinuance; interruption
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0
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to stop (moving); to come to a stop
2. to stop (doing, working, being supplied); to come to a halt; to cease; to be stopped; to be suspended
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 7 forms, examples and links)
'mu' godan verb, intransitive verb
to cease; to stop; to be over
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0 3
1. brake; skid; pawl
2. restraint; curtailment; self-imposed limit; check
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noun, suffix
section of village
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0
noun
Chinese characters; kanji
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1
noun
carpenter
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0
1. urgent; sudden; abrupt
2. sharp; steep; precipitous
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2
'gu' godan verb, intransitive verb, transitive verb
to hurry; to rush; to hasten; to make something happen sooner
(click the word for examples and links)
2
noun
library  (also written 圕)
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2
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to plot; to attempt; to plan; to devise; to design
2. to take in; to deceive
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Black Sea
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0
noun
blackboard
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2
noun
1. black  (see also: )
2. black go stone
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2
noun
1. flower; blossom; bloom; petal
2. cherry blossom
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1
noun
cherry blossom
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1
Most common form: 活花
noun
1. flower arrangement
2. fresh flowers
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0
running a wheeled vehicle (e.g. car); running to program, job, etc.; traveling; travelling
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2
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to run
2. to travel (movement of vehicles); to drive
(click the word to view an additional 6 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
1
2. green
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0
noun
youth; young man
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3
1. deep blue; bright blue
2. ghastly pale; pallid; white as a sheet
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3
questions and answers; dialogue
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0
reply; answer
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3
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
to answer; to reply
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2
noun
paper
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0
noun
1. front cover; binding; (book) cover
2. appearing on the cover of a magazine
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0
letter
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1
noun
singer
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2
noun
1. song  (唄 is primarily used for shamisen songs; this meaning is restricted to form 歌, 唄)
2. classical Japanese poetry (esp. tanka)  (see also: 短歌; this meaning is restricted to form 歌)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
0 2
1. to pour (into); to fill  (see also: 注ぐ)
2. to sprinkle on from above; to shed (e.g. tears)
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1
caution; being careful; attention (heed); warning; advice  (see also: ご注意)
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Most common form: つぐ
'gu' godan verb, transitive verb
(usu. written as kana when referring to a solid) to pour (into a vessel); to fill; to dish out food or drink  (often written with kana only)
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0
noun
hakudo (gold-copper alloy, usu. with a blue patina)
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3
2. Red (i.e. communist)
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0
equator
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1
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
1. spring; springtime
2. New Year
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0
youth; springtime of life; adolescent
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0
noun
ryokan; Japanese-style lodging, usu. professionally-run  (see also: 民宿)
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0
noun
1. mansion; small castle
2. nobleman; noblewoman  (honorific)
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings, 1 meaning and 1 form, examples and links)
0
Most common form: たび
travel; trip; journey
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2
examination; test; study; trial; experiment
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2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to transcribe; to duplicate; to reproduce; to imitate; to trace
2. to describe
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1
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun
1. the past; bygone days; the previous
2. a past (i.e. a personal history one would prefer remained secret); one's past
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1
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
last year
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1
Most common form: さる
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to leave; to go away
2. to pass; to elapse
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0
study; research; investigation
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1
'gu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to sharpen; to hone; to whet; to grind
2. to wash (rice)  (esp. 磨ぐ)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 3 forms, examples and links)
1
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to drink; to gulp; to swallow; to take (medicine)  (呑む is often used metaphorically, 服む is often used for medicine)
2. to smoke (tobacco)  (see also: 喫む; also written 喫む)
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0
food and drink; eating and drinking
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2
noun
1. flesh
2. meat
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0
noun
military or naval uniform
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0
noun
Western-style clothes (cf traditional Japanese clothes)
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0
bank
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3 0
noun
coffee shop; tearoom; coffee lounge; coffeehouse; cafe
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0
Most common form: ちゃ
noun
1. tea  (see also: お茶)
2. tea plant (Camellia sinensis)
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3
Most common form: 極める
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to carry to extremes; to go to the end of something  (esp. 極める, 窮める)
2. to investigate thoroughly; to master  (esp. 究める)
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1
noun
elder brother; older brother  (humble)
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0
noun
brother-in-law  (see also: )
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1
noun
1. siblings; brothers and sisters  (see also: ご兄弟)
2. brothers
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1
noun
1. older brother; elder brother  (see also: お兄さん; honorific)
2. brother (as older-brother figure in friendly and or work relationship)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 meaning, examples and links)
1
noun
1. spring and autumn; spring and fall; months and years  (see also: 五経)
2. the Chronicles of Lu or the Spring and Autumn Annals - one of the Five Classics  (this meaning is restricted to reading しゅんじゅう)
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0
noun
thousand years; many years
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1
Most common form: あき
noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
autumn; fall
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0
noun
1. dining room; dining hall; cafeteria; messroom
2. restaurant; eatery; snack bar; diner
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0
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
every week
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0
practice; practising
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2
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
to take lessons in; to be taught; to learn (from a teacher); to study (under a teacher); to get training in
(click the word for examples and links)
2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
to attempt; to test; to try out
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4 4 3
noun
1. attempt; trial; experiment
2. endeavour (endeavor); effort; venture; initiative
(click the word for examples and links)
3
noun
summer vacation; summer holiday
(click the word for examples and links)
1
summer season
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0 2
summer solstice  (see also: 二十四節気)
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3
noun
cousin (male)  (see also: 従姉妹; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
2 1
noun
young(er) people; children
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2
pupil; disciple; adherent; follower; apprentice; young person; teacher's student-helper
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4
noun
1. younger brother; little brother; kid brother  (humble)
2. pupil; apprentice  (archaic; this meaning is restricted to reading てい)
(click the word to view an additional 3 readings, examples and links)
0
noun
1. swan (Cygnus spp.)
2. white-feathered bird
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings and 2 forms, examples and links)
0
Most common form: とり
noun
1. bird
2. bird meat (esp. chicken meat); fowl; poultry  (see also: )
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
0
noun
pet dog; beloved dog
(click the word for examples and links)
2
noun
1. dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris)
2. snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.)
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0 2 1
noun
fish
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1
noun
goldfish
(click the word for examples and links)
3
noun
fish market
(click the word for examples and links)
3
debt; loan; liabilities
(click the word for examples and links)
0
borrowing; loan
(click the word for examples and links)
0 3
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to borrow; to have a loan
2. to rent; to hire
(click the word for examples and links)
2
noun
1. cooked rice
2. meal; food
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
0
noun
evening meal
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1
noun
station
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0
noun
1. lunch; midday meal
2. food served at a tea party (tea ceremony)  (usu. 中食)
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings and 3 forms, examples and links)
2
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
1. noon; midday  (see also: 御昼)
2. daytime  (this meaning is restricted to form 昼, 晝)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 3 forms, examples and links)
1
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
(season of) winter
(click the word for examples and links)
2
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
winter
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0
Most common form:
noun
older sister; elder sister  (humble)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
1
noun
sisters
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
1
noun
1. elder sister  (usu. 姉さん; honorific)
2. (vocative) young lady
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
1
noun
1. cattle (Bos taurus); cow; bull; ox; calf
2. beef  (see also: 牛肉; usu. ぎゅう)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
0
noun
(cow's) milk
(click the word for examples and links)
4
noun
younger sister  (humble)
(click the word for examples and links)
0
noun
house for rent
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 4 forms, examples and links)
1
loan; lending
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0
Most common form: かす
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to lend; to loan
2. to rent out; to hire out
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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