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Grammar detail: し archaic adjective form

し archaic adjective form
127 words
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The し form of an い adjective is a classical form used when the adjective ends a sentence or phrase (known as the or terminal form). The い is replaced by し.
A famous usage of this form is in the first line of the ballad ゴンドラの
うた
, a popular era romantic ballad later used as the theme song for the 1952 movie
きる ⇗
, one of the most famous movies by director :
いのち
みじか

Life is brief.
In classical Japanese, the き form would be used when an い adjective was used to modify a noun (the or attributive form). In modern Japanese, the attributive and terminal forms of an い adjective are the same as each other and the dictionary form.
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Kanji used in this grammar

シュウ   end   おわる to come to an end   おえる to bring to an end   
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シ   とめる to stop   とまる to stop   
ケイ   ギョウ   shape   かたち    かた    
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うた song (esp. shamisen song)   
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ダイ   タイ   おおきい big   おおいに very much   おお-    
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セイ   ショウ   ただしい correct   ただ to correct   まさ precise, exact   
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セイ   ショウ    life   なま raw   いかす to enliven   いきる to live   いける to arrange flowers   うまれる to be born   う to give birth to   き pure, undiluted   お to grow, to sprout   はえる to grow, to sprout   はやす to grow, cultivate   
エイ   はえる to shine   うつ to be reflected   うつ to reflect, project   
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ガ   カク   draw
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コク   くろ    くろ black   
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さわ swamp   
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メイ   ミョウ   あかり light   あかるい bright   あかるむ to brighten   あからむ to become luminous (at dawn)   あきらか obvious   あかす to lay bare   あ to open   あける to empty   
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レン   つれる to take, to lead   つらねる to line up   つらなる to extend   
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タイ   テイ   からだ body   
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タン   みじか short   
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