Components

Grammar detail: archaic / classical / historical forms

archaic / classical / historical forms
Tweet
My current mastery of this grammar:
LOG IN to view grammar mastery data
Japanese is an evolving language, and you will regularly encounter many forms that are no longer in common use. Sometimes they are used in a modern context to evoke a sense of history (as Latin might be quoted in modern English), and sometimes they are used for period authenticity (as in modern samurai dramas or
じだいしょうせつ
(period novels).
〜まする
The modern ます form actually descended from a slightly longer form, まする, which fell out of use about 100 years ago.
negative forms
Several negative forms have fallen out of use entirely or evolved.
せよ
LOG IN to view flashcard data

Kanji used in this grammar

ジ   とき time, occasion   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
1
タイ   ダイ   かえる to replace, to exchange   かわる to be exchanged   よ the world   しろ substitute   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
2
ショウ   こ-    お-    ちいさい small   
1
セツ   ゼイ   と to explain, persuade   
Please LOG IN to view this kanji's mnemonic
3
Problem with this grammar? Question or comment? Please CONTACT US.
×
Change component list
By default the component builder shows the most common components (themselves joyo kanji, or used in at least 3 other joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Help with the component builder
For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of.
For any components you recognize, if you know the English meaning or name, start typing it in the text area. Full details of all components and their English names can be found here.
Alternatively, count the strokes of the component, and scan the list to find it visually.
Example
To find the kanji :
  • Notice that it is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫.
  • 氵 艹 口 all have three strokes, so you could look in the list in the 3 stroke section. 夫 has four strokes.
  • Alternatively, you could start typing 'water' (氵), 'grass' (艹), 'mouth' (口) or 'husband' (夫) in the search area, and the components will be highlighted in yellow.
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.