Components

Grammar detail: particle の

particle の - noun replacement / nominalization
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The particle の can be used to turn an adjective or a verb phrase into the (grammatical) equivalent of a noun. This is known as 'nominalization'.
When following a verb, a direct translation is usually not needed. When following an adjective, a translation such as 'the one' usually fits:
あか
いいです
The red one is good.
の would typically be followed by another particle to indicate the role of the (new) noun phrase - as the topic (は), as the subject (が), as the object (を), or as an indirect question (か).
りょうり
料理
しかた
仕方
わかりません
I don't know how to cook.
ゆうじん
友人
はな
たの
しかった

He took delight in talking with friends.
わたし
ベル
いた

I heard the bell ring.
どこ
ったら
よいわからない
I don't know where to go.
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Kanji used in this grammar

セキ   シャク   あか    あか red   あからむ to turn red   あからめる to blush   
リョウ    fee   
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リ    logic   
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シ   ジ   つかえる to attend to   
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ホウ   かた way, direction   
ユウ   とも friend   
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ジン   ニン   ひと person   
ワ   はな to talk   はなし talking   
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ガク   ラク    music   たのしい happy, pleasant   たのしむ to be happy   
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シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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メイ   な to chirp, to twitter   な to sound, to ring   ならす to make ring   
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ブン   モン   き to listen, to hear   きこえる to be heard   
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コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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