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Grammar detail: particle の

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JLPT:
particle の - noun replacement
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The particle の can be used to turn an adjective or a verb phrase into the (grammatical) equivalent of a noun. This is known as 'nominalization'.
When following a verb, a direct translation is usually not needed. When following an adjective, a translation such as 'the one' usually fits:
あか
いいです
The red one is good.
の would typically be followed by another particle to indicate the role of the (new) noun phrase - as the topic (は), as the subject (が), as the object (を), or as an indirect question (か).
かれ
つか
れている
だれ
あき
らか
だった
It was obvious to everybody that he was tired.
ゆうじん
友人
はな
たの
しかった

He took delight in talking with friends.
わたし
ベル
いた

I heard the bell ring.
どこ
ったら
よいわからない
I don't know where to go.
In colloquial speech, the の is often contracted to ん.
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See also:
  • nominalization with こと - create nouns from other parts of speech

Kanji used in this grammar

セキ   シャク   あか    あか red   あからむ to turn red   あからめる to blush   
2
ヒ   かれ he   
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3
ヒ   fatigue   つかれる to be tired   
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3
だれ who   
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3
ボク   モク   eye   ま-    め    
2
メイ   ミョウ   あかり light   あかるい bright   あかるむ to brighten   あからむ to become luminous (at dawn)   あきらか obvious   あかす to lay bare   あ to open   あける to empty   
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2
ユウ   とも friend   
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1
ジン   ニン   ひと man   
1
ワ   はな to talk   はなし talking   
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1
ガク   ラク    music   たのしい happy, pleasant   たのしむ to be happy   
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2
シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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2
メイ   な to chirp, to twitter   な to sound, to ring   ならす to make ring   
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3
ブン   モン   き to listen, to hear   きこえる to be heard   
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1
コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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1
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