Components

Grammar detail: particle の

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JLPT:
particle の - noun replacement
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The particle の can be used to turn an adjective or a verb phrase into the (grammatical) equivalent of a noun. This is known as 'nominalization'.
When following a verb, a direct translation is usually not needed. When following an adjective, a translation such as 'the one' usually fits:
あか
のはいいですよ。
The red one is good.
の would typically be followed by another particle to indicate the role of the (new) noun phrase - as the topic (は), as the subject (が), or as the object (を).
かれ
つか
れている
のは
だれ
にも
あき
らか
だった
It was obvious to everybody that he was tired.
にほんご
日本語
はな
のはむずかしいです。
It's difficult to speak Japanese.
わたし
ベル
のを
いた

I heard the bell ring.
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Kanji used in this grammar

セキ   シャク   あか red   あからむ to turn red   あからめる to blush   
ヒ   かれ he   
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ヒ   つか fatigue   つかれる to be tired   つからす to make tired, to exhaust    
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だれ who   
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ボク   モク   eye   ま-    め    
メイ   ミョウ   あかるい bright   あきらか obvious   あかす to lay bare   
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ニチ   ジツ   sun; day   ひ    -か    
ホン   book   もと origin   
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ゴ   かた to talk, relate   かたらう to talk together, chat   
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ワ   はな to talk   はなし talking   
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シ   わたくし    わたし I, myself   
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メイ   な to chirp, to twitter   な to sound, to ring   ならす to make ring   
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ブン   モン   き to listen, to hear   きこえる to be heard   
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