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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
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The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
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  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
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Components

Grammar detail: counters for objects and other things

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JLPT:
counters for objects and other things
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For counting actual objects as opposed to just expressing a number, Japanese uses a unique system of 'counters', terms which are placed after the number and which partially describe the object being counted.
For example,
まい
is the counter for flat objects such as sheets of paper, so to say 'five sheets of paper' in Japanese, you would say
かみごまい
which literally means 'paper 5 flat objects'.
While this seems unusual at first, and is often touted as a difficult feature of Japanese, we are actually doing exactly the same thing in English (five sheets of paper), but English is much less regular than Japanese.
Dates and times use counters in the same way - see dates and time for details.
Japanese has many counters, and the most common ones are:
 
まいflat objects such as paper or books
ほんcylindrical or long objects such as bottles or chopsticks (note: this is a little confusing, since ほん means 'book' - it is not used to count books)
さつbooks
じんpeople
ひきsmall animals
かいnumber of times something happens
ふんminutes - see telling the time in Japanese
small round objects
/ヶかしょplaces
birds
さいyears old / age (note that '20 years old' is irregular: is not read にじゅっさい as you would expect, but instead はたち)
|さいyears old (note: this is commonly used, but not technically correct: is the correct counter)
じょうtatami mats (the typical way to measure the area of a room)
だいcars and machines
めいpeople (polite alternative to , used by businesses and restaurants etc.)
words
かこくごlanguages
かげつmonths
けんbuildings
つうletters, telegrams etc
ぎょうrows (in a document etc)
ばんplatforms (in a railway station etc)
かいfloors (in a building)
便びん(plane) flights
さつbanknotes
きゃくchairs, tables, legs (of chairs and tables etc)
こうitems (in a checklist); paragraphs
はくnights (eg of a stay in a hotel)
せいgenerations; monarchs (Elizabeth I etc)
とうlarge animals, cattle
かんvolumes (eg books); reels (eg film)
copies (eg of a publication)
きれpieces of sashimi (literally 'cuts')ひときれ、 ふたきれ、 みきれ、 よきれ、 ごきれ、 ろっきれ、 ななきれ、 はちきれ、 きゅうきれ、 じっきれ
ちゃくsuits of clothing
そくpairs of shoes etc.
わりtenths; lots of 10%
children
つぶpills, tablets etc
In Japanese, counters are known as
じょすうし
助数詞
.
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See also:
  • Japanese numbers and counting

Words used in this grammar

noun
1. piece; slice; strip; scrap
2. cloth  (also written as 布, 裂)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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5
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Kanji used in this grammar

マイ   sheet
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シ   かみ paper   
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2
ゴ   いつ-    いつ five   
1
ホン   book   もと origin   
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1
サツ   サク    volume   
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4
ジン   ニン   ひと man   
1
ヒツ   ひき counter for animals   
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4
カイ   エ   まわ to revolve   まわ to make turn   
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3
ブン   ブ   フン   わける to divide, to distinguish   わかる to understand   わかれる to be divided   わかつ to share, distribute   
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1
コ    individual   
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4
カ    item; counter for months, places, provisions   
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ショ   ところ place   
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ウ   はね feather   は counter for birds   
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サイ   セイ    X years old, year-end   
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ニ   ふた    ふた two   
1
ジュウ   ジッ   と    とお ten   
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1
サイ    genius   
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ジョウ   たた to fold up   たたみ tatami   
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ダイ   タイ    pedestal   
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メイ   ミョウ   な name   
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ゴ   かた to talk, relate   かたらう to talk together, chat   
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1
コク   くに country   
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ガツ   ゲツ   つき month; moon   
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ケン    building   のき eaves   
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ツ   ツウ   とお to pass through   とお to let pass   かよ to commute   
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2
コウ   ギョウ   アン   ゆ    い to go   おこな to take place   
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1
バン    turn   
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カイ    floor   
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便
convenience; tidings   ビン tidings   ベン convenience   たよ tidings, news   
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3
サツ   ふだ label, tag   
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4
キャク   キャ   あし leg   
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コウ    paragraph, item   
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5
ハク   とまる to stay, to lodge overnight   とめる to give lodgings   
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セ   セイ   よ the world   
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トウ   ト   ズ   あたま    かしら head   
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カン   roll up   ま to roll (up)   まき roll, reel, volume   
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ブ   part
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セツ   サイ   き to cut   きれる to break, to snap   
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チャク   ジャク   つ to arrive   つける to attach   き to wear   きせる to make wear   
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2
ソク   あし foot; leg   た to add   た    たりる to be sufficient   
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カツ   わ to separate, to divide   われる to split apart, to crack   わり proportion, 10%   さ to cut up   
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3
ジ   ニ    newborn babe   
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リュウ   つぶ a grain   
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ジョ   すけ help   たすける to help, save   たすかる to be helped   
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スウ   ス   かず number   かぞえる to count   
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シ    part of speech, words, poetry   
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4
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