Kanshudo Component Builder
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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
Kanshudo Component Builder Help
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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
  1. Draw it in the drawing area
  2. Type the name in the text area
  3. Look for it in the list
Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
  • Keep adding components until you can see your kanji in the list of matches that appears near the top.
Kanshudo Component Builder Drawing Help
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The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
  • Draw a component in the center of the area, as large as you can
  • Try to draw the component as it appears in the kanji you're looking up
  • Don't worry about stroke order or number of strokes
  • Don't draw more than one component at a time
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Japanese vocabulary in the Routledge 5000 frequency list

Routlege 5000 Vocab 1-100

This collection contains 101 words.
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particle
1. indicates possessive  (see also: ; occasionally ん, orig. written 乃 or 之)
2. nominalizes verbs and adjectives
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. at (place, time); in; on; during
2. to (direction, state); toward; into
(click the word to view an additional 7 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. topic marker particle  (pronounced わ in modern Japanese)
2. indicates contrast with another option (stated or unstated)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
auxiliary verb
1. indicate past completed or action  (see also: ; だ after certain verb forms)
2. indicates light imperative  (see also: )
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
particle
1. indicates direct object of action
2. indicates subject of causative expression
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
0
copula
1. be; is  (see also: である, です; plain copula)
auxiliary verb
2. indicates past or completed action  (see also: ; た after certain verb forms)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. indicates sentence subject (occasionally object)
2. indicates possessive (esp. in literary expressions)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. casual quoting particle  (see also: ; abbr. for と, というのは and other similar combinations)
2. indicates supposition; if ... then
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
particle, conjunction
1. if; when
2. and
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
auxiliary verb
1. used to indicate respect for the listener (or reader)  (see also: ませ; polite (teineigo) language)
2. used to indicate respect for those affected by the action  (archaic; humble)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. too; also; in addition; as well; (not) either (in a negative sentence)
2. both A and B; A as well as B; neither A nor B (in a negative sentence)  (as AもBも)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. indicates location of action; at; in  (にて is the formal literary form)
2. indicates time of action
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
ichidan verb, auxiliary verb
indicates continuing action or state (e.g. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)  (from ..て or で plus いる; colloquialism)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
(same as above)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
expression
be; is  (see also: , であります; polite copula; polite (teineigo) language)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
auxiliary verb, ichidan verb
1. indicates passive voice (incl. the "suffering passive")  (see also: 未然形, 迷惑の受身; れる for 五段 verbs, られる for 一段. Follows the imperfective form of (v5) and (vs) verbs)
2. indicates the potential form  (see also: ら抜き言葉; no imperative form. Infrequently used in modern Japanese, e.g. 歩ける is favoured over 歩かれる)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
expression
1. called; named  (often written with kana only)
2. as many as; as much as  (after a quantity; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
0
'na' adjective, noun (suffix)
1. connoisseur; authority
counter
2. counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
2
noun
1. thing; matter  (often written with kana only)
2. incident; occurrence; event; something serious; trouble; crisis  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 6 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
interjection (kandoushi)
1. yes; that is correct; right
2. um; errr
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
1
(same as above)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
0
1. to say; to utter; to declare
2. to name; to call
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 1 meaning and 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
interjection (kandoushi)
say; well; errr ...
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
1. just (e.g. "just wait here"); come now; now, now  (when urging or consoling)
2. tolerably; passably; moderately; reasonably; fairly; rather; somewhat
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
(same as above)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
irregular 'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to be (usu. of inanimate objects); to exist; to live  (see also: 居る; often written with kana only)
2. to have  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
particle
1. indicates emphasis, agreement, request for confirmation, etc.; is it so  (at sentence end)
interjection (kandoushi)
2. hey; come on; listen
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
auxiliary adjective
1. not  (verb-negating suffix, may indicate question or invitation with rising intonation)
2. emphatic suffix  (see also: 忙しない; after the root of an adjective)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
1
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to become; to get; to grow; to be; to reach; to attain  (often written with kana only)
2. to result in; to prove to be
(click the word to view an additional 6 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. indicates a question (sometimes rhetorical)  (was written as 歟, used at sentence-end)
2. or; whether or not  (after each alternative)
(click the word to view an additional 5 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
1. that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener); the  (see also: 何の, 此の, 其れ, 彼の; often written with kana only)
interjection (kandoushi)
2. um...; er...; uh...
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
1
conjunction, particle
but; however; although
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. from (e.g. time, place, numerical quantity); since
2. from (originator); by
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
auxiliary verb
1. indicates speculation  (non-五段 verbs, e.g. 食べよう)
2. indicates will
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
2
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to think; to consider; to believe  (想う has connotations of heart-felt)
2. to think (of doing); to plan (to do)
(click the word to view an additional 5 meanings and 6 forms, examples and links)
TEST
3 2 0
noun
1. thing; object; article; stuff; substance
2. one's things; possessions; property; belongings  (as 〜のもの, 〜のもん)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 8 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1. in that way (concerning the actions of the listener or concerning the ideas expressed or understood by the listener; with a neg. sentence, implies that something isn't as much as one might think); thus; such  (see also: 斯う, ああ, 如何; often written with kana only)
interjection (kandoushi)
2. so (used to express agreement with something said)  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
1
1. what
prefix
2. how many  (see also: 何か月; followed by a counter; this meaning is restricted to reading なん)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 4 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
1. I; me
2. private affairs; personal matter; secrecy  (this meaning is restricted to reading わたくし)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to finish; to stop; to end; to put an end to; to bring to a close  (often written with kana only)
2. to close (a business, etc.); to close down; to shut down; to shut up  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1. that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind); it  (see also: 何れ, 此れ, ; often written with kana only)
2. that time; then
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
particle, conjunction
among other things; such things as; or something like that
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
this (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)  (see also: 何の, 此れ, 其の, 彼の; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
1. nonexistent; not being (there)  (see also: 亡い; often written with kana only)
2. unpossessed; unowned; not had
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
0
irregular godan verb 'iku/yuku', intransitive verb
1. to go; to move (in a direction or towards a specific location); to head (towards); to be transported (towards); to reach  (see also: 来る)
2. to proceed; to take place  (see also: 旨く行く; い sometimes omitted in auxiliary use)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 8 meanings and 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
expression
the expectation is that ...; the reason is that ...; the fact is that ...; it is that ...
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
(same as above)
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
auxiliary verb, ichidan verb
1. auxiliary verb indicating the causative  (せる is for 五段 verbs, させる for 一段, follows the imperfective form of (v5) and (vs) verbs, senses 1-3 of せる are sometimes abbreviated as 〜す)
2. auxiliary verb indicating that one has been granted the permission to do something  (usu. as 〜(さ)せてもらう, 〜(さ)せていただく, etc.; humble)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
pronoun
1. this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic)  (see also: 何れ, 其れ, ; often written with kana only)
2. this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group)  (humble)
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings and 7 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1 0
1. now; soon; shortly; before long; presently
2. already; yet; by now; (not) anymore  (see also: すでに)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
3
be; is  (see also: , であります; formal or literary copula)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
2
noun
1. time; hour; moment  (刻 signifies a time of day, 秋 signifies an important time)
2. occasion; case  (this meaning is restricted to form 時)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. (sentence end, mainly masc.) indicates emotion or emphasis
2. (used with masu stem verb) command  (from なさい; abbreviation)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
auxiliary verb, suffix
not doing  (see also: ; after the -nai stem of a verb)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
particle
that being the case; because of ...; the reason is ....; given that...
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
(same as above)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
noun
1. man; person
2. human being; mankind; people
(click the word to view an additional 5 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
particle
1. indicates certainty, emphasis, contempt, request, etc.  (at sentence-end)
2. used when calling out to someone  (after a noun)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
1. in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker); thus; such  (see also: 然う, ああ, 如何; often written with kana only)
interjection (kandoushi)
2. uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. if ... then; when
2. and  (often ...も...ば...も...)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. such things as (non-exhaustive list related to a specific time and place); and ... and
2. the minute (that) ...; no sooner than ...; as soon as  (see also: や否や; after the dictionary form of a verb)
(click the word to view an additional 6 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
1
irregular verb くる, intransitive verb
1. to come (spatially or temporally); to approach; to arrive
irregular verb くる, intransitive verb, auxiliary verb
2. to come back; to do ... and come back  (see also: 行って来る)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
particle
1. until (a time); till; to; up to  (often written with kana only)
2. to (a place); as far as  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
1
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to see; to look; to watch; to view; to observe
2. to look over; to look on; to assess; to examine; to judge  (see also: 診る)
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. -ing and -ing (e.g. "coming and going")  (as …たり…たり, after the ren'youkei forms of multiple verbs)
2. (used adverbially) doing such things as...
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
1
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun
now; the present time; just now; soon; immediately; (one) more
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
1
1. good; excellent; fine; nice; pleasant; agreeable  (also いい (all senses); often written with kana only)
2. sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer); ready; prepared
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 6 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
1. good; excellent; fine; nice; pleasant; agreeable  (see also: 良い)
2. sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer); ready; prepared  (see also: 良い)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
3 0
noun, suffix
1. place; spot; scene; site  (also pronounced どころ when a suffix)
2. address  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 9 meanings and 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
0
1. myself; yourself; oneself; himself; herself
2. I; me
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
interjection (kandoushi)
1. yes; yeah; uh huh  (see also: うん)
2. huh?; what?
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
interjection (kandoushi)
1. Ah!; Oh!; Alas!  (also written as 於乎, 於戯, 嗟乎, 嗟夫, 吁, etc.; often written with kana only)
2. Yes; Indeed; That is correct  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 7 forms, examples and links)
TEST
2
1. too; also; likewise; either  (see also: 矢っ張り; often written with kana only)
2. still; as before  (see also: 矢っ張り; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
3
1. too; also; likewise; either  (see also: 矢張り; often written with kana only)
2. still; as before  (see also: 矢張り; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
auxiliary adjective
1. want to ... do something; would like to ...  (after the -masu stem of a verb)
particle
2. indicates emphasis  (at sentence-end; regional dialect: Kyuushuu-ben)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
0
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to do; to undertake; to perform; to play (a game); to study  (see also: 為る; often written with kana only; colloquialism)
2. to send; to dispatch; to despatch  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 14 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
noun
1. inside; in
2. among; within
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
0
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to be (of animate objects); to exist  (see also: 在る; often written with kana only)
2. to stay  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
2
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to be able (in a position) to do; to be up to the task  (often written with kana only)
2. to be ready; to be completed  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. et cetera; etc.; and the like; and so forth  (often written with kana only)
2. or something  (after an approximate quote or vague suggestion; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
TEST
expression
1. as (i.e. in the role of); for (i.e. from the viewpoint of)
2. apart from... (used to change the topic)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
1
1. behind; rear  (see also: 後ずさり)
2. after; later  (see also: その後)
(click the word to view an additional 6 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
0
adverb, conjunction, prefix
again; and; also; still (doing something)  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1 0
1. just a minute; short time; just a little  (often written with kana only)
2. somewhat; easily; readily; rather  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 4 forms, examples and links)
TEST
2
go and do
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
particle
1. only; just; merely; simply; no more than; nothing but; alone  (see also: しか; often written with kana only)
2. as (e.g. as soon as, as much as)  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
0
suffix, particle
1. approximately; about; around; or so  (also written as 位)
2. to (about) the extent that; (almost) enough that; so ... that ...; at least
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
0
(same as above)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
TEST
expression, 'i' adjective
is not; am not; are not  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
TEST
0 3
interjection (kandoushi)
let me see; well; errr ...; uhh ...
(click the word to view an additional 5 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
noun
1. direction; way; side; area (in a particular direction)
2. side (of an argument, etc.); one's part
(click the word to view an additional 5 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
go on doing, continue
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
irregular godan verb 'iku/yuku', auxiliary verb
to continue  (from ..て or で plus 行く; colloquialism)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
1
noun
conclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard; reason; cause; meaning; circumstances; situation  (often written with kana only)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
1
particle
indicates direction or goal (e.g. "to")  (pronounced え in modern Japanese)
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
2
how; in what way; how about  (see also: 斯う, 然う, ああ; often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
particle, conjunction
(at the end of a phrase) notes one (of several) reasons
(click the word for examples and links)
TEST
0
1. truth; reality; actuality; fact
2. proper; right; correct; official
(click the word to view an additional 3 readings, 1 meaning and 5 forms, examples and links)
TEST
1
1. to hold (in one's hand); to take; to carry
2. to possess; to have; to own
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
1
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to leave; to exit; to go out; to come out; to get out  (opposite: 入る)
2. to leave (on a journey); to depart; to start out; to set out
(click the word to view an additional 18 meanings, examples and links)
TEST
noun
1. good; advantage; benefit; welfare  (see also: 為に; often written with kana only)
2. sake; purpose; objective; aim  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
TEST
×