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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
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Example: look up 漢
  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
  • If you know the meanings of the components, type any of them in the text area: water (氵), grass (艹), mouth (口) or husband (夫)
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The Kanshudo Component Builder can recognize any of the 416 components listed in the chart below the drawing area. Tips:
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Most useful words for each reading of every Jōyō kanji

Kanji Usefulness Level 4 1-100 Vocab

This collection contains 191 words.
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1
noun
armed forces; military; troops
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
soldier
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 0
noun
militia; militiaman
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
island in a pond or river
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
peninsula
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
1. island
2. territory (of a prostitute, organized crime gang, etc.); turf  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. agricultural community; farm village
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
village
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun, noun (suffix)
1. gate
2. branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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1
noun
gate
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. door (esp. Japanese-style)  (see also: ; this meaning is restricted to form 戸)
2. shutter; window shutter
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. family register
2. census
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
water well
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. weapon; arms; ordnance
2. weapon (something used to gain an advantage); asset
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
warrior
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
castle
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
lord of a castle
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. synthesis; coordination; putting together; integration; composite
noun or verb acting prenominally
2. comprehensive
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. futon (quilted Japanese-style mattress laid out on the floor)
2. round cushion used for Zen meditation (traditionally made of woven bulrush leaves)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
organization; organisation; association
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun, noun (suffix)
1. line; stripe; stria
2. line (e.g. telephone line); wire
(click the word to view an additional 7 meanings, examples and links)
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3
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to prepare ahead of time
2. to create; to establish
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
plan; design; layout
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
many; crowd; great number of people
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
attitude; posture; stance; approach; carriage (of the body)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
political party
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
history
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
management; administration; operation; running (business); conducting
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
to carry on (e.g. in ceremony); to run a business
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
government; administration
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
to roll up; to involve; to enfold; to swallow up; to drag into
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun, counter
volume (of book); reel (of film)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. roll (e.g. of cloth)
2. winding
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
introduction; presentation; referral; listing
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
refrigerator
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
Ministry of Finance
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to make; to produce; to manufacture; to build; to construct  (造る usu. for large-scale building, manufacturing, etc. 創る usu. for creating)
2. to prepare (food); to brew (alcohol)
(click the word to view an additional 11 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
structure; construction
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
basis; foundation
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
temple
(click the word for examples and links)
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2 0
noun
temple (Buddhist)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
future (usually near); prospects
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
lieutenant general; vice-admiral
(click the word for examples and links)
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4
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to change; to alter; to revise; to replace  (see also: 改まる; this meaning is restricted to form 改める, 革める)
2. to reform; to correct; to mend; to improve  (this meaning is restricted to form 改める, 革める)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. betterment; improvement
2. kaizen (Japanese business philosophy of continuous improvement)  (often written カイゼン; often written with kana only)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 0
noun
prefectural office
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
spa; hot spring; onsen
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
spring; fountain
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
imagination; guess
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
detail; particulars
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
1. thin; slender; fine
2. unlucky (billiards slang)  (slang)
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
2. fine; minute
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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2
noun
valley
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
valley; ravine; canyon
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
esoteric doctrines; mysteries
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
interior; inner part; inside
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
year after next
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. resuscitation; regeneration; restoration to life
2. reformation; rehabilitation
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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0
again; once more; a second time
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
blood vessel; vein
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
blood
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
blood; consanguinity
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. calculation; reckoning; count
2. forecast
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
operation; calculation  (mathematics)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
target; object (of worship, study, etc.); subject (of taxation, etc.)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
elephant (Elephantidae spp.)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
clean; pure; chaste  (see also: 清い)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
cleaning; clean-up; garbage collection; scavenging
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
interjection (kandoushi)
purification of the six roots of perception  (yojijukugo)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
technique; art; skill
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun, noun (suffix)
1. state; province; county; oblast; department (of ancient China)
2. continent
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0 1
noun
sandbank; sandbar
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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3
noun
president; chief executive
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. bridge building; bridge  (see also: 橋架け)
2. cross-linking
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
bridge
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 1
noun
(fine) art; the arts
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
large; large scale; big; jumbo  (see also: 小型)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
type; pattern; model; epitome; exemplar; archetypal; representative
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
1. model; type (e.g. of machine, goods, etc.)
2. type; style; pattern  (see also: 朝型; がた when a suffix)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 5 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
perfume
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
aroma; fragrance; scent; smell
(click the word to view an additional 5 forms, examples and links)
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3
1. weight
2. heavyweight boxer
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to measure; to weigh; to survey; to time (sound, gauge, estimate)
2. to conjecture; to infer; to surmise
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. eternity; perpetuity; immortality  (とわ tends to be more abstract)
2. Eikyuu era (1113.7.13-1118.4.3)  (this meaning is restricted to reading えいきゅう)
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings and 6 forms, examples and links)
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0 5
a long time (since the last time); it's been a while (since I last saw, mailed, etc., you)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun
1. border; boundary  (usu. さかい)
2. turning point; watershed  (often ...を境に; this meaning is restricted to reading さかい)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 3 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
environment; circumstance
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
distinction; differentiation; classification
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. electromagnetic wave; radio wave; reception; signal  (see also: 電磁波; this meaning is restricted to reading でんぱ)
2. saying strange things  (see also: 電波な奴, 電波系; slang)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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3
noun
frequency (esp. of waveforms)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
wave
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to change; to swap; to substitute; to transfer
2. to change the object of one's interest or focus
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. movement; transfer; migration; removal; travel
noun or verb acting prenominally
2. mobile; moving; traveling; travelling; roving
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
area; region
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. circumference; girth  (see also: 回り)
2. surroundings; neighbourhood; neighborhood; vicinity
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. circumference; outskirts; environs; around; in the area of; in the vicinity of
2. (computer) peripheral  (computer terminology)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
grafting
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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3 0
suru verb - special class, intransitive verb
1. to touch; to come in contact with; to border on; to adjoin; to be adjacent; to be close
2. to receive (e.g. visitor); to attend to; to serve; to take care of; to look after; to deal with; to see
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
railroad; railway; rail transport
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. gun
2. wooden pole that wrestlers strike in practice  (sumo term)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
moderate; handy; convenient; reasonable
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun, adverbial noun (fukushitekimeishi), noun (suffix)
1. (approximate) time; around; about; toward  (ごろ when used as a suffix; often written with kana only)
2. suitable time (or condition)  (see also: 食べ頃)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 1 meaning and 3 forms, examples and links)
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3
noun
ingredients; material
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
individual; private person; personal; private
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
cooperation; collaboration  (see also: ご協力)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
every place; various places
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. each nation
2. many nations; many countries
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. obi; kimono sash
2. paper wrapper on books, CDs, etc.  (see also: 帯紙, 帯広告; this meaning is restricted to reading おび)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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1 2 0
noun
area; zone; belt (of land)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2 0
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to wear (sword, decoration, etc.); to carry
2. to be entrusted (e.g. with a mission); to take on
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
noun
short (e.g. story, film)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
editing; compilation; editorial (e.g. committee)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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1
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to knit; to plait; to braid
2. to compile (anthology, dictionary, etc.); to edit
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. temple kitchen; monastery kitchen  (Buddhist term)
2. quarters of a head priest (and his family)  (Buddhist term)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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2
noun
1. bottom (or another side that is hidden from view); undersurface; opposite side; reverse side  (opposite: )
2. rear; back; behind (the house)
(click the word to view an additional 6 meanings, examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to compare; to make a comparison  (see also: 見比べる)
2. to compete; to vie  (see also: 力比べ)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
comparison
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 0
noun
Ebisu; god of fishing and commerce  (see also: 七福神)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 5 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
slope; hill
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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3 0
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to wear; to dress
2. to pretend; to feign
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
equipment; installation; apparatus; device
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
clothing; costume; outfit; garment; dress
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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4
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to look back (e.g. over shoulder or at the past); to turn around
2. to reflect on the past; to reconsider; to review
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
omission; abbreviation; abridgment; abridgement  (see also: 省略符号)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. reflection; reconsideration; introspection; meditation; contemplation
2. regret; repentance; remorse; being sorry
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'ku' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to omit; to leave out; to exclude; to eliminate; to elide
2. to curtail; to save; to cut down; to economize; to economise
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
tax; duty
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'u' godan verb, intransitive verb
to struggle for; to compete with; to vie with
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. competition; contest
2. to compete
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'u' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to compete with
2. to emulate
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
1. surroundings; environs
2. circumference
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 3
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to surround; to encircle; to enclose; to fence; to wall in
2. to besiege; to lay siege to
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0 3
noun
beach; foreshore
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. on the bank of; by the side of (e.g. a river, pond)  (esp. ほとり; often written with kana only)
2. (in the) neighbourhood; neighborhood; vicinity; nearby
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 2 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
canal; waterway
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. riverbank; riverside
2. fish market
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0 4
noun
1. Sukhavati (Amitabha's Pure Land)  (see also: 阿弥陀; Buddhist term)
2. paradise
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
extreme; extremity
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
exceedingly; extremely; decisively
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
prevention; check
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'gu' godan verb, transitive verb
to defend (against); to protect; to prevent
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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2
1. low (rank, degree, value, content, quality, etc.)  (opposite: 高い)
2. low (position); close to the ground
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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0
1. least; lowest; worst
2. nasty; disgusting; horrible; yuck!
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
forest; woods
(click the word for examples and links)
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3 0
noun
1. woods; forest; copse; thicket
2. bunch; line (of something); collection
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'ku' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to guide; to lead; to show the way; to conduct
2. to derive; to deduce  (see also: 方程式を導く)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. forest
2. shrine grove  (see also: 鎮守の杜; esp. 杜)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0 2
1. round; circular; spherical  (丸い usu. refers to ball-shaped, and 円い to disc-shaped objects)
2. harmonious; calm  (see also: 丸く収まる)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
bullet; shot; shell
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
1. chest; breast  (むな is usually used in compounds)
2. breasts; bosom; bust
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 4 meanings, examples and links)
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1
noun
courage; bravery; pluck; nerve; grit; guts
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
uneasiness; vague apprehension; premonition
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0 1
1. continent
noun
2. continental Asia (esp. mainland China)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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1 0
medical care; medical treatment
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun, noun (suffix)
various countries; various regions; various provinces
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
control; management (e.g. of a business)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
agency; intermediation
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
1. company; fellow; colleague; associate; comrade; mate; group; circle of friends; partner
2. member of the same category
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
reform; reformation; innovation
(click the word for examples and links)
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noun
leather
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
to carry on shoulder; to bear (burden); to shoulder (gun)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
being in charge (of an area of responsibility); being responsible (for a work role, etc.)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'gu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to shoulder; to carry on one's shoulder
2. to nominate for a position; to choose as a representative
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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0
'ku' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to be effective; to show effect  (see also: 薬が効く)
2. to do its work; to carry out its function well  (see also: 目が利く)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun, noun (suffix)
prize; award
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. star; any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon)
2. offender; perpetrator  (police slang; slang)
(click the word to view an additional 6 meanings, examples and links)
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0
satellite
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. dazzling victory
2. win of a rank-and-file wrestler over the grand champion  (sumo term)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. restoration; rehabilitation; recovery; return; replevin; improvement  (this meaning is restricted to form 回復, 恢復)
2. recovery (from an illness); recuperation; convalescence  (esp. 快復)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. revival (e.g. musical); come-back
2. restoration; rebirth; resurrection
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. one-way (trip)
noun
2. one-way ticket  (see also: 片道切符; abbreviation)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
fragment; splinter; broken piece
(click the word for examples and links)
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3 0
fragment; crumb; shred; bits and pieces
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
roadside tree; row of trees
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. (going) side-by-side; abreast  (this meaning is restricted to form 並行, 併行)
2. concurrent; occurring together; at the same time
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
'bu' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to line up; to stand in a line
2. to rival; to match; to equal
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
pace; step
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0
noun
bottom; sole
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1. thoroughness; completeness; consistency
2. thorough enforcement; seeing to it that a policy, etc. is carried out without exception
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1
noun
temperature
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2
light; easy; non-serious; minor
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abatement; reduction
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1. carefree; buoyant; lighthearted; sprightly
noun
2. ease
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3
1. light (i.e. not heavy); feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily)  (opposite: 重い)
2. light (i.e. of foot); nimble; agile
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noun
1. record; minutes; document
2. a record (e.g. in sports); results; score
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noun
1. back; lower back; waist; hips; lumbar region
2. body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.); resilience; spring  (usu. コシ)
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0
lower back (or hip) pain; lumbago
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noun
1. bent back
2. indecisive attitude; timidity; lack of nerve
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5
striking; remarkable; considerable (used for good, bad, and neutral observations)
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1
noun
author (usu. of a particular book); writer
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3
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
to write; to publish
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