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By default the Component Builder shows the most common Joyo kanji components (ie, components which are themselves Joyo kanji, or which are used in at least 3 other Joyo kanji). Select an alternative set of components below.



For details of all components and their English names, see the Component collections.
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For detailed instructions, see the Component builder how to guide.
To find any kanji, first try to identify the components it is made up of. Once you have identified any component, search for it in any of three ways:
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  • Notice that 漢 is made of several components: 氵 艹 口 夫
  • Draw any of these components (one at a time) in the drawing area, and select it when you see it
  • Alternatively, look for a component in the list. 氵 艹 口 each have three strokes; 夫 has four strokes
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Most useful words for each reading of every Jōyō kanji

Kanji Usefulness Level 4 101-200 Vocab

This collection contains 182 words.
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2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
to throw out of order; to disarrange; to disturb  (see also: めちゃくちゃ)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
disorder; chaos; confusion; mayhem
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. sentence; article; composition  (linguistics terminology)
2. (writing) style
(click the word for examples and links)
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suffix
form of address used for official letters and business letters, and in letters to inferiors; Mr.  (polite (teineigo) language)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
palace
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
palace; court
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
feudal lord; daimyo  (see also: 大名; honorific)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
distribution; dissemination; allocation
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
zabuton (flat floor cushion used when sitting or kneeling; usu. rectangular)  (see also: 布団)
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. cloth
2. bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China)  (see also: 布銭; this meaning is restricted to reading ふ)
(click the word to view an additional 3 readings, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. corner (e.g. desk, pavement)
2. edge
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
angle
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
direction; way; compass point
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
horn
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. Buddha; merciful person; Buddhist image
2. the dead; dead person; spirit of the dead
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
statue of Buddha; image of Buddha; Buddhist statue; Buddhist image
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1 3
noun
Buddhism
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
long day (esp. of spring)  (see also: 夜長)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
to decrease (in size or number); to diminish; to abate
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
decrease; reduction; decline  (opposite: 増加)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
aggression; invasion; raid
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
committee member
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to entrust (a matter) to; to leave to
2. to abandon oneself to (e.g. pleasure); to yield to (e.g. anger); to devote oneself to
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. order; command; decree; directive
2. (software) instruction; statement  (computer terminology)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
evening paper
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
'ku' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to burn
2. to roast; to broil; to grill; to bake; to toast; to barbecue
(click the word to view an additional 5 meanings and 3 forms, examples and links)
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3
noun
shochu; Japanese spirit distilled from sweet potatoes, rice, etc.
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. Japanese league; ri; old Japanese unit of distance, approx. 3.927km or 2.44 miles
2. neighbourhood (under the ritsuryo system; orig. of 50 homes)  (see also: 郷里制, 国郡里制)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. village; hamlet
2. countryside; country
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings and 1 form, examples and links)
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2
noun
1. pressure; stress  (physics terminology)
2. coercion; arm-twisting
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
compression; condensation; constriction; compaction
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
noun
amount of money
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
forehead; brow
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. mark; sign  (esp. 印, 標)
2. symbol; emblem  (also written as 徴)
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings and 4 forms, examples and links)
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0
impression
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
mark; sign; landmark; benchmark
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun
pond
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
battery; cell
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
cabinet minister
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
storehouse; warehouse; godown
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
agriculture
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
steel sheet; steel plate; steel plates
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. signboard; sign; billboard; hoarding; doorplate
2. draw; attraction; feature; highlight; spokesman; figurehead
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. iron plate
2. sure thing  (slang)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
1. board; plank
2. sheet (of metal); plate (of glass); pane; slab
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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0
love; love-making; passion; emotion; affections
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
(romantic) love
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. panel; wainscoting; wainscotting  (this meaning is restricted to form 羽目)
2. plight; fix; bind; awkward situation; difficult situation; mess  (see also: 羽目になる)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
counter for birds and rabbits
(click the word to view an additional 2 readings, examples and links)
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1 0
1. wholly; solely; entirely; exclusively; devotedly; fixedly  (often written with kana only)
2. principally; mostly; chiefly; mainly  (often written with kana only)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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0
major subject; special study
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. reverse; opposite
2. converse (of a hypothesis, etc.)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
reverse; inversion; upside down  (see also: 逆様)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun
1. arm
2. skill; efforts; ability
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 0
noun
1. left arm  (see also: 右腕)
2. left-handed (baseball pitcher)  (this meaning is restricted to reading さわん)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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3
noun
wristwatch
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
short-term  (opposite: 長期)
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1 0
noun
lava
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun
1. rock; boulder
2. crag; cliff
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 4 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
bamboo thicket
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. bamboo
2. middle (of a three-tier ranking system)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
children; juvenile
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
pediatrics
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
blanket
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. hair
2. fur; wool
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
publication
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun, noun (suffix)
1. edition; version; printing; impression; implementation (e.g. software)  (ばん when a suffix)
noun
2. plate; block; cast
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 1 meaning, examples and links)
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2
noun
photostat; photographic plate; photogravure
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
universe; cosmos; space
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
to suffer; to receive; to sustain
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
coast; beach
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
bank; coast; shore
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to cross over; to cross; to pass through; to pass over (out of)  (esp. 越える)
2. to exceed  (esp. 超える)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
excess; being more than
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
1. abundant; wealthy; plentiful; rich; affluent
2. very; extremely; full of; great  (see also: 個性豊か)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. inclusion; comprehension; implication
2. to include; to comprise; to contain; to implicate
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to contain; to comprise; to have; to hold; to include; to embrace
2. to hold in the mouth  (see also: 口に含む)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, 2 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
garden shrubs; trees; potted plant
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun
plant; vegetation
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to plant; to grow; to raise
2. to insert; to transplant; to implant; to set (type)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. candidate; contender; prospect; pick; choice; list
2. candidacy; candidature; nomination
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
'u' godan verb, transitive verb
to compensate for; to supplement
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
disclosure; exposure; revelation
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
violence; mayhem
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
to act violently; to rage; to struggle; to be riotous
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. subject; theme; issue; matter
2. homework; assignment
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
noun
historic ruins (remains, relics); archeological site
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. trace; tracks; mark; sign
2. site; remains; ruins
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 4 forms, examples and links)
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0
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
to touch; to feel  (often now with を)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
1. to touch; to feel
2. to experience; to come in contact with; to be emotionally moved (by); to perceive
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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0
touch; contact
(click the word for examples and links)
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3
noun
1. eyeball
2. special feature; centerpiece; showpiece; drawcard  (see also: 目玉番組; abbreviation)
(click the word to view an additional 2 meanings, examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, intransitive verb
to shiver; to shake; to quake; to tremble; to quaver; to quiver
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
numeric
10^8; 100,000,000; hundred million
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
shoulder strap; epaulet; epaulette
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
shoulder
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
theatre; theater; playhouse
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
stimulus; impetus; incentive; encouragement; motivation; provocation; excitement; thrill
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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1
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to pierce; to stab; to prick; to stick; to thrust
2. to sting; to bite  (see also: 螫す)
(click the word to view an additional 4 meanings, examples and links)
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0
recollection
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
description; descriptor
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
ichidan verb, transitive verb
to state; to express; to mention
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
(car) wheel
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
(finger) ring
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0 2
1. shallow; superficial  (opposite: 深い)
2. slight (wound); light (sleep); pale (colour); inadequate (knowledge)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
noun
depth; shade (of color, colour)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
simplicity; simple; uncomplicated  (opposite: 複雑)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 2
2. pale; light
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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0
frivolous; superficial
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
shallowness; superficiality
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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1 0
noun
Kyoto-Osaka
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
1. South Korea; Republic of Korea  (see also: 大韓民国; abbreviation)
2. Korean Empire (1897-1910)  (see also: 大韓帝国; abbreviation)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. fixation; fixing (e.g. salary, capital)
noun
2. fixed handle  (see also: 固定ハンドル; slang; abbreviation)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to harden; to freeze; to strengthen; to solidify; to make (a fist); to tramp down (snow, dirt)  (see also: 土を固める)
2. to put together; to collect; to gather; to consolidate
(click the word to view an additional 6 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
huge; gigantic; enormous
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
lecturer
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
various; several
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. general; universal
2. ordinary; average; common  (opposite: 特殊)
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
bath-house; public bath
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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1
noun
1. hot water  (see also: )
2. hot bath; hot spring
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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1
choice; option; rejection or adoption
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to throw away; to cast away; to dump; to discard
2. to abandon; to desert; to leave
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. clothes; garment
2. gown; robe
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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0
noun
yukata (light cotton kimono worn in the summer or used as a bathrobe)  (see also: 湯帷子)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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0
change; money exchange
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. substitution; alternation
noun or verb acting prenominally, 'no' adjective
2. alternative; substitute
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
changing clothes; change of clothes
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. change; alteration; substitute; spare; proxy
2. rate of exchange  (usu. 換え)
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
transfer (money); change
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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noun
1. money order; draft
2. exchange (e.g. foreign)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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3 0
1. centre; center; middle; heart
2. metropolis; capital city; central government  (opposite: 地方)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
1. bone
2. frame
(click the word to view an additional 3 meanings, examples and links)
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0
noun
steel frame; steel beam; steel girder
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
age; years
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0 2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to shine on; to illuminate
2. to compare (with); to refer to
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
reference; bibliographical reference; consultation; browsing (e.g. when selecting a file to upload on a computer); checking out
(click the word for examples and links)
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1 0
1. much more; still more; all the more; more than ever
2. single layer (or storey, etc.)
(click the word to view an additional 1 meaning, examples and links)
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3
noun
weak point; weakness; shortcoming; defect; flaw; sore spot; tender spot  (see also: 短所)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
weak; frail; delicate; tender; unskilled; weak (wine)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
construction; architecture (of buildings)
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'ku' godan verb, transitive verb
to build; to pile up; to amass
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
1. head; leader; leading spirit  (esp. 首脳)
2. important part  (esp. 主脳; archaic)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
aviation; flying
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
pleasant; agreeable; comfortable
(click the word for examples and links)
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4
pleasant; agreeable
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun (temporal) (jisoumeishi)
following year
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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0
restoration; restitution; rehabilitation
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading, examples and links)
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1
noun
writer (often in self-reference); author
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
essays; miscellaneous writings; literary jottings
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
noun
pencil
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
writing brush
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
exchange; interchange; switching; reciprocity; barter; substitution; replacement; clearing (of checks, cheques)
(click the word for examples and links)
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4 3
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to transfer (trains); to change (bus, train)
2. to change one's mind; to move on to (e.g. a new love interest); to change methods; to change one's way of thinking
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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3
'ru' godan verb, intransitive verb
to swarm; to gather
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
1. preeminence; distinction; extraordinariness
2. outstanding; excellent; exceptional; surpassing; extraordinary; distinguished
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
noun
group; crowd; flock; herd; bevy; school; swarm; cluster (e.g. of stars); clump; pack (e.g. of dogs)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
explosion; detonation; eruption
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
search (esp. in criminal investigations); investigation; inquiry; enquiry
(click the word for examples and links)
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0 2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to search (for something desired, needed); to look for  (esp. 探す)
2. to search (for something lost); to seek (a suspect in a crime)  (esp. 捜す)
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
noun
oil  (see also: )
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
scream; shriek; shout; exclamation
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'bu' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to shout; to cry; to scream; to shriek; to yell; to exclaim
2. to clamor (for or against); to clamour (for or against)
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
expansion and contraction; elasticity; flexibility
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'su' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to grow long (e.g. hair, nails)  (esp. 伸ばす)
2. to lengthen; to extend; to stretch
(click the word to view an additional 7 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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5
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to hear; to be told; to know  (humble)
2. to receive (order); to undertake; to comply; to take (a reservation, etc.)
(click the word to view an additional 1 form, examples and links)
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0
recognition; acknowledgement; acknowledgment; approval; consent; agreement
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
noun
cloud
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
1. winds and clouds; nature; the elements
2. situation; state of affairs
(click the word for examples and links)
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1
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to knead; to thicken into a paste (stirring over a flame)
2. to polish (a plan, etc.); to refine; to elaborate; to work out
(click the word to view an additional 5 meanings and 2 forms, examples and links)
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2
'mu' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to wrap up; to tuck in; to pack; to do up; to cover with; to dress in
2. to conceal; to hide; to be engulfed in; to be enveloped by  (this meaning is restricted to reading つつむ)
(click the word to view an additional 1 reading and 3 forms, examples and links)
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0
packing; wrapping
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
noun
parcel; package
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
measurement
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
'ru' godan verb, transitive verb
1. to measure; to weigh; to survey; to time (sound, gauge, estimate)
2. to conjecture; to infer; to surmise
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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0 3
noun
fortune-telling; divination
(click the word to view an additional 2 forms, examples and links)
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0
1. monopoly; monopolization
2. hogging; keeping to oneself
(click the word for examples and links)
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2
ichidan verb, transitive verb
1. to occupy; to hold
2. to account for; to make up; to take up
(click the word for examples and links)
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0
noun
crowd of people
(click the word to view an additional 4 forms, examples and links)
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2
ichidan verb, transitive verb
to mix; to stir; to blend
(click the word to view an additional 3 forms, examples and links)
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1
'mu' godan verb, intransitive verb
1. to be crowded; to be packed
2. to be complex  (see also: 手の込んだ)
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1
noun
1. twice; double
suffix
2. times; -fold
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